Breaking boundaries, defying borders: transnational networks of gender and race in South Africa and the United States

Cooke, Claire and Stevenson, Ana ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4858-1073 (2018) Breaking boundaries, defying borders: transnational networks of gender and race in South Africa and the United States. Safundi: The Journal of South African and American Studies, 19 (1). pp. 1-8. ISSN 1753-3171


Abstract

This special issue examines transnational connections and collaborations among women and People of Color from South Africa and the United States, from the late nineteenth to the beginning of the twenty-first century: it considers how connections were fostered and how ideologies travelled. Key figures include Emily Hobhouse, Charlotte Maxeke, Cecilia Lilian Tshabalala, Maude White Katz, Madie Hall-Xuma, Elizabeth Mafeking, Miriam Makeba, Gloria Steinem, and Winnie Madikizela-Mandela. Actively and symbolically, each of these non-state actors approached the relationship between the two nations differently, through political and religious affiliations, and as individuals and through organizations. Many challenged and transcended the restrictions imposed upon them officially, through state-sanctioned segregation and apartheid, but also socially, on account of their gender. These women fostered intellectual and social connections with each other, as well as for their nations, through interpersonal relationships and in print, but also simply – and perhaps most problematically – through abstracted ideas about humanitarianism, motherhood, apartheid, and nation. Such travels and intellectual journeys could prove both mutually beneficial and hierarchically imbalanced, but nonetheless reiterate the continued transnational relevance and resonances between South Africa and the United States.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2022 23:39
Last Modified: 30 May 2022 03:33
Uncontrolled Keywords: South Africa; United States; gender; race; transnational networks
Fields of Research (2020): 43 HISTORY, HERITAGE AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 4303 Historical studies > 430312 Histories of race
43 HISTORY, HERITAGE AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 4303 Historical studies > 430309 Gender history
43 HISTORY, HERITAGE AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 4303 Historical studies > 430322 Sub-Saharan African history
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 13 CULTURE AND SOCIETY > 1307 Understanding past societies > 130701 Understanding Africa’s past
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17533171.2018.1404739
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/47181

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