Evolution of brightness and magnetic features of young solar-type stars – I. The young G star HIP 89829

Perugini, G. M. and Marsden, S. C. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5522-8887 and Waite, I. A. and Jeffers, S. V. and Piskunov, N. and Shaw, N. and Burton, D. M. and Mengel, M. W. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7830-6822 and Hughes, J. E. and Hebrard, E. M. (2021) Evolution of brightness and magnetic features of young solar-type stars – I. The young G star HIP 89829. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 508 (3). pp. 3304-3320. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

The evolution in latitude of sunspots is a key feature of the cyclic solar dynamo. Here, we present the results of a spectroscopic and spectropolarimetric monitoring campaign on the young (~20 Myr old) early G star HIP 89829, in order to investigate potential evolution in the distribution of the star's spots and magnetic features. Our analysis of this G5V star spans eight epochs, from June 2010 to August 2015. The techniques of Doppler imaging and Zeeman-Doppler imaging were used to create brightness maps for each epoch and magnetic maps for two epochs. The brightness images show the star to have stable spot features with two main spot latitudes - a polar spot, often seen on young rapidly rotating stars such as this, and another highly unusual group of large spot features around the 20° and 30° latitudes. These lower spot latitudes appear to be rather stable over the 5 yr of observations. We included a solar-type differential rotation law into the imaging process and measured near-solid-body rotation for epochs where sufficient data exist for this analysis. The magnetic features show a dominant poloidal and a weaker toroidal magnetic field for both Stokes V epochs, which is unusual for a star with a rapid rotation period of 0.57 d. We conclude that HIP 89829 is an active young solar-type star with long-lived spots and near-solid-body rotation.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: File reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher/author.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Astrophysics (1 Aug 2018 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Sciences (6 Sep 2019 - 31 Dec 2021)
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2022 02:25
Last Modified: 31 May 2022 00:42
Uncontrolled Keywords: line: profiles; stars: individual: HIP 89829; stars: magnetic field; stars: solar-type; starspots
Fields of Research (2020): 51 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 5101 Astronomical sciences > 510109 Stellar astronomy and planetary systems
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280120 Expanding knowledge in the physical sciences
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stab2711
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/46740

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