Applying Stafford and Warr’s reconceptualization of deterrence theory to drug driving: Can it predict those likely to offend?

Watling, Christopher N. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1440-2401 and Palk, Gavan R. and Freeman, James E. and Davey, Jeremy D. (2010) Applying Stafford and Warr’s reconceptualization of deterrence theory to drug driving: Can it predict those likely to offend? Accident Analysis and Prevention, 42 (2). p. 452. ISSN 0001-4575

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Abstract

In December 2007, random roadside drug testing commenced in Queensland, Australia. Subsequently, the aim of this study was to explore the preliminary impact of Queensland’s drug driving legislation and enforcement techniques by applying Stafford and Warr’s [Stafford, M. C., & Warr, M. (1993). A reconceptualization of general and specific deterrence. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 30, 123-135] reconceptualization of deterrence theory. Completing a comprehensive drug driving questionnaire were 899 members of the public, university students, and individuals referred to a drug diversion program. Of note was that approximately a fifth of participants reported drug driving in the past six months. Additionally, the analysis indicated that punishment avoidance and vicarious punishment avoidance were predictors of the propensity to drug drive in the future. In contrast, there were indications that knowing of others apprehended for drug driving was not a sufficient deterrent. Sustained testing and publicity of the legislation and countermeasure appears needed to increase the deterrent impact for drug driving.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2022 04:13
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2022 04:13
Uncontrolled Keywords: Deterrence; Drug Driving; Legislation Awareness; Testing Awareness
Fields of Research (2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1702 Cognitive Sciences > 170202 Decision Making
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
16 Studies in Human Society > 1602 Criminology > 160299 Criminology not elsewhere classified
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170104 Forensic Psychology
16 Studies in Human Society > 1602 Criminology > 160204 Criminological Theories
Fields of Research (2020): 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5204 Cognitive and computational psychology > 520402 Decision making
52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520103 Forensic psychology
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420604 Injury prevention
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4402 Criminology > 440201 Causes and prevention of crime
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4402 Criminology > 440205 Criminological theories
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420699 Public health not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health
C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920409 Injury Control
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2009.09.007
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/46519

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