Deterrence of drug driving: The impact of the ACT drug driving legislation and detection techniques

Armstrong, Kerry A. and Watling, Christopher N. ORCID: and Davey, Jeremy D. (2018) Deterrence of drug driving: The impact of the ACT drug driving legislation and detection techniques. Transportation Research. Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 54. pp. 138-147. ISSN 1369-8478

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Drug driving is a significant road safety concern rendering the implementation of roadside drug testing in all Australian jurisdictions. The current research sought to examine the impact of recently introduced roadside oral fluid screening in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). Specifically, the study sought to examine drivers’ awareness, perceptions and perceived deterrent impact of these operations and the degree to which they influence likelihood of future drug driving. A total of 801 male and female motorists aged 17-88 years of age completed a phone interview assessing demographics (e.g., driving and drug taking history), awareness and perceived effectiveness of roadside drug testing, and constructs central to both Classical Deterrence Theory (i.e., certainty, severity, swiftness) and reconceptualised deterrence theory (direct and vicarious experiences of both punishment and punishment avoidance) frameworks. Overall, despite an apparent decline in drug driving behaviour since the introduction of roadside testing, a large proportion of driver’s possessed a poor awareness of these operations and did not perceive a high certainty of apprehension. Age, punishment avoidance and vicarious punishment avoidance were found to predict future likelihood of drug driving, whilst Classical Deterrence Theory variables did not. Contrary to expectations and previous studies, few significant differences were found with regards to gender. Findings are interpreted in light of the recency of roadside drug testing in the ACT and the need for future studies to examine the impact of such operations. Further recommendations for augmenting the deterrence of drug driving are discussed.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2022 04:18
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2022 03:58
Uncontrolled Keywords: ACT legislation; Awareness; Deterrence theory; Drug driving; Drug driving likelihood; Motorists
Fields of Research (2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1702 Cognitive Sciences > 170202 Decision Making
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology
16 Studies in Human Society > 1602 Criminology > 160204 Criminological Theories
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420604 Injury prevention
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4402 Criminology > 440205 Criminological theories
52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5205 Social and personality psychology > 520505 Social psychology
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): B Economic Development > 88 Transport > 8801 Ground Transport > 880109 Road Safety
C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920409 Injury Control
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280121 Expanding knowledge in psychology
27 TRANSPORT > 2703 Ground transport > 270311 Road safety
23 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 2304 Justice and the law > 230402 Crime prevention
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