Optimization on the piezoresistivity of alkali-activated fly ash/slag mortar by using conductive aggregates and carbon fibers

Ma, Yuwei and Liu, Weisen and Hu, Jie and Fu, Jiyang and Zhang, Zuhua and Wang, Hao (2020) Optimization on the piezoresistivity of alkali-activated fly ash/slag mortar by using conductive aggregates and carbon fibers. Cement and Concrete Composites, 114:103735. pp. 1-14. ISSN 0958-9465


Abstract

Alkali-activated materials (AAMs) are regarded as an environmentally friendly alternative to ordinary Portland cement. AAMs reinforced with carbon fibers enable the piezoresistivity of materials that can sense its own strain, resistivity and damage. However, the high cost of carbon fiber limits the wide application in construction. In this study, a novel type of conductive aggregates is prepared by using porous ceramsites impregnated with modified agar and carbon black. Conductive alkali-activated fly ash/slag (AAFS) is prepared using carbon fibers and conductive ceramsites. Orthogonal experiment is applied to assess the effect of different parameters on the piezoresistivity and early age properties of AAFS mortars. The results reveal that with the combination of carbon fibers and conductive ceramsite, the electrical resistivity and piezoresistivity of AAFS are significantly improved. The good binding of ceramsites with AAFS matrix and carbon fibers ensured a high piezoresistivity of AAFS samples. A synergistic effect exists between the carbon fibers and ceramsites in view of the piezoresistivity. However, the workability and mechanical strength reduced with the addition of conductive ceramsites. AAFS mortar with 0.3% carbon fiber content, 25%–30% ceramsite content and 70% slag content is proposed as the optimal mixture in view of its mechanical properties and piezoresistivity.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2022 02:00
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2022 04:01
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alkali-activated fly ash/slag; Carbon black; Carbon fibers; Conductive ceramsites; Piezoresistivity; Strain sensing
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090503 Construction Materials
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401602 Composite and hybrid materials
40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400505 Construction materials
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280110 Expanding knowledge in engineering
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2020.103735
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/46346

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