Structure, chain dynamics and mechanical properties of poly(vinyl alcohol)/phytic acid composites

Li, Lujuan and Xu, Xiaodong and Wang, Bingtao and Song, Pingan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1082-652X and Cao, Qianqian and Yang, Yang and Xu, Zhiguang and Wang, Hao (2021) Structure, chain dynamics and mechanical properties of poly(vinyl alcohol)/phytic acid composites. Composites Communications, 28:100970. pp. 1-6. ISSN 2452-2139


Abstract

The global micro- and nano-plastic issue has greatly triggered the development of advanced biodegradable polymeric materials. The creation of biodegradable polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/phytic acid (PhyAc) composite represents a sustainable solution. However, it remains unclear how PhyAc molecules affect intermolecular hydrogen-bonding (H-bonding), structure, chain dynamics and mechanical properties of PVA so far. Herein, we explore structure, chain dynamics and mechanical properties of PVA/PhyAc composite by combining molecular dynamics simulation and experimental. The number of PVA-PhyAc H-bonds per PhyAc molecule and that of total H-bonds show different PhyAc content dependence. The PVA composite with 1.9 wt% of PhyAc shows a lower free volume and a smaller diffusion coefficient. Meanwhile, the glass transition temperature (Tg) of PVA reaches the maximum value at ca. 1.25 wt% of PhyAc. Interestingly, 10 wt% PhyAc endows PVA with the highest tensile strength in addition to a good antibacterial capability. This work reveals how small molecules affect structure and mechanical properties of polymers and contributes to expanding practical applications of PVA/PhyAc in industry.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2022 23:06
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2022 05:55
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chain dynamics; Mechanical property; Phytic acid; Poly(vinyl alcohol)
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401602 Composite and hybrid materials
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280110 Expanding knowledge in engineering
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coco.2021.100970
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/46333

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