Unpaid Professional Work at Home and Work-Life Interference among Employees with Care Responsibilities

Chernyak-Hai, Lily and Fein, Erich C. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4119-0130 and Skinner, Natalie and Knox, Andrew J. and Brown, James (2021) Unpaid Professional Work at Home and Work-Life Interference among Employees with Care Responsibilities. The Journal of Psychology, 155 (3). pp. 356-374. ISSN 0022-3980


Employees with caregiving responsibilities often experience work-life interference (WLI), particularly when caring for either disabled persons and/or children. This study examines sample of 288 working Australians from the AWALI national survey data, who care for at least one family member or friend with long-term physical or mental illness, disability, or aging-related problems. We investigated the role of unpaid work at home in predicting WLI, based on a model that included indirect association via inferred causes for working unpaid hours at home and a conditional direct relationship based on number of children. The findings supported our prediction that unpaid work at home is positively associated with WLI but its effect is moderated by number of children. There was a conditional direct effect where employees with care responsibilities experienced a stronger relationship between unpaid hours and WLI when having more children. Further, when the perceived reason for unpaid work was excessively demanding work, the relationship with WLI was stronger. Implications for workers with multiple caregiving responsibilities are discussed.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology and Counselling (1 Jan 2015 - 31 Dec 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2022 00:29
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2022 04:37
Uncontrolled Keywords: causal attribution; family care; stress; Unpaid work; work-life interference
Fields of Research (2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170107 Industrial and Organisational Psychology
Fields of Research (2020): 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520104 Industrial and organisational psychology (incl. human factors)
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2021.1884825
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/46239

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