Large-scale experimental study on pocket connections in GFRP-reinforced precast concrete frames

Hassanli, Reza and Vincent, Thomas and Manalo, Allan ORCID: and Smith, Scott T. and Gholampour, Aliakbar and Gravina, Rebecca (2021) Large-scale experimental study on pocket connections in GFRP-reinforced precast concrete frames. Structures, 34. pp. 523-541.


This paper presents the results of an experimental study on a full-scale precast concrete frame reinforced with glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars that was tested to failure under lateral cyclic loading. Within the frame four different pocket connections are tested that will lead to accelerated construction. Traditionally, a pocket connection is comprised of a column that is extended into a recessed portion of the connecting beam and the pocket is filled with grout to create a moment-resisting connection. In order to accelerate the construction process, quicker setting epoxy resin was used in place of grout. The results show that while the epoxy resin could significantly accelerate and simplify the construction procedure due to its workability in addition to its high early strength and non-shrinkable properties, its thickness and low modulus of elasticity significantly affected the performance of the pocket joint. The test frame showed a flag-shaped hysteretic behaviour with narrow loops and small residual displacement thus illustrating desirable frame self-centring behaviour. This self-centring behaviour was due to rocking of the column in the pocket connection. The frame displaced with a large displacement ductility of approximately 7.0, however, the level of energy dissipation and damping ratio was very low when compared with conventional concrete structures. This experimental study shows that pocket connections can be used for GFRP reinforced precast concrete elements, however, they should be designed carefully to account for the lower stiffness of GFRP reinforcement. Also, to avoid premature failure and achieve a higher capacity of the pocket connections, the material used in the pocket to fill the gap between column and beam is recommended to have higher strength and elastic modulus compared to the surrounding precast concrete.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 - 31 Dec 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2022 00:58
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2022 02:04
Uncontrolled Keywords: Accelerated construction, Bent cap, Concrete frame, Epoxy, GFRP Pile connection, Pocket connection, Precast concrete
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090506 Structural Engineering
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400510 Structural engineering
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280110 Expanding knowledge in engineering
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