Mechanical Properties of Macro Polypropylene Fibre-Reinforced Concrete

Abousnina, Rajab and Premasiri, Sachindra and Anise, Vilive and Lokuge, Weena ORCID: and Vimonsatit, Vanissorn and Ferdous, Wahid ORCID: and Alajarmeh, Omar ORCID: (2021) Mechanical Properties of Macro Polypropylene Fibre-Reinforced Concrete. Polymers, 13 (23):4112. pp. 1-26.

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Adding fibers to concrete helps enhance its tensile strength and ductility. Synthetic fibres are preferable to steel ones which suffer from corrosion that reduces their functionality with time. More consideration is given to synthetic fibres as they can be sourced from waste plastics and their incorporation in concrete is considered a new recycling pathway. Thus, this work investigates the potential engineering benefits of a pioneering application using extruded macro polyfibres in con-crete. Two different fiber dosages, 4 kg/m3 and 6 kg/m3, were used to investigate their influence based on several physical, mechanical and microstructural tests, including workability, compressive strength, modulus of elasticity, splitting-tensile strength, flexural test, CMOD, pull-out test and po-rosity. The test results revealed a slight decrease in the workability of the fibre-reinforced concrete, while all the mechanical and microstructural properties were enhanced significantly. It was ob-served that the compressive, splitting tensile and bonding strength of the concrete with 6 kg/m3 fibre dosage increased by 19.4%, 41.9% and 17.8% compared to the plain concrete specimens, re-spectively. Although there was no impact of the fibres on the modulus of rupture, they significantly increased the toughness, resulting in a progressive type of failure instead of the sudden and brittle type. Moreover, the macroporosity was reduced by the fibre addition, thus increasing the concrete compressive strength. Finally, simplified empirical formulas were developed to predict the mechanical properties of the concrete with fibre addition. The outcome of this study will help to increase the implementation of the recycled plastic waste in concrete mix design and promote a circular economy in the waste industry.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 - 31 Dec 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2022 23:17
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2022 12:51
Uncontrolled Keywords: CMOD; Concrete; Macro polypropylene fibre; Mechanical properties; Porosity
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090503 Construction Materials
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090506 Structural Engineering
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400510 Structural engineering
40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401602 Composite and hybrid materials
40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400505 Construction materials
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280110 Expanding knowledge in engineering
12 CONSTRUCTION > 1203 Construction materials performance and processes > 120301 Cement and concrete materials
Identification Number or DOI: polym13234112

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