Case study from Africa: physical activity and safety from crime and traffic in Africa

Oyeyemi, Adewale L. and Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy L. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5025-3204 and Lambert, Estelle V. (2022) Case study from Africa: physical activity and safety from crime and traffic in Africa. In: Physical Activity in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Taylor & Francis (Routledge), Milton Park, United Kingdom, pp. 171-186. ISBN 978-0-367-36223-2


Abstract

Although Africa is the most physically active region in the world, about 18% of men and 25% of women are not meeting the recommended levels of physical activity, shown to reduce the risk of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Further, nearly 30% of the disease burden in Sub-Saharan Africa is attributable to NCDs. Therefore, identifying equitable access to safe and supportive environments for physical activity in African cities is an important research and policy priority for mitigating the worsening burden of NCDs in the region. In this chapter, we explore current knowledge on how safety from crime and traffic on the African continent is associated with habitual levels of physical activity. We note that the prevalence of physical activity and safety issues in Africa varies by country level of income. In addition, while the high prevalence of insecurity from crime and traffic is consistently related to insufficient physical activity among African adults, this relationship is less clear in children and adolescents. Next, we discuss the implications of these findings for practice and policy, and conclude by providing recommendations for future multisectoral interventions, targeting the upstream determinants from a regulatory and built environment perspective as effective practical solutions across the African continent.


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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to file in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current – Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health and Medical Sciences (1 Jan 2022 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2021 05:19
Last Modified: 05 May 2022 03:05
Uncontrolled Keywords: physical activity; Africa; crime
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420799 Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420699 Public health not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 13 CULTURE AND SOCIETY > 1306 Sport, exercise and recreation > 130699 Sport, exercise and recreation not elsewhere classified
20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200401 Behaviour and health
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429344732
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/45402

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