Probit Model for the Women Participate in SMEs Business: A Case Study of Sindh Province

Bhatti, Dr. Nadeem and Ram, Dr. Nanik and Chandio, Fayaz Raza and Shaikh, Faiz M. and Shafiq, Kamran ORCID: (2011) Probit Model for the Women Participate in SMEs Business: A Case Study of Sindh Province. Asian Culture and History, 3 (1). pp. 73-79. ISSN 1916-9655

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The current research explores the women participation in SMEs business by using Probit model. The rapid absorption of women into the labor market has been influenced by several factors. The rapid economic growth was due largely to important growth in the SMEs business, where substantial and proportionally larger increase of female workers has been registered. Among all sectors of the economy, the SMEs have recorded the highest growth rate during the last decade. The increase in the female labor force participation in SMES business may also be attributable to improving economic incentives in employment and policies favoring the employment of women. In addition, the combined effects of increased years of schooling, access to family planning services, improved maternal and child care, leading to arise in the average age at marriage, have allowed women to take advantage of the increased employment opportunities. Survey was conducted from 300 women in SMEs business in rural Sindh by using simple random technique from four districts, Shikarpur, Jacobabad, Kandhkot/Kashmore and Larkana Districts. Questionnaire was the basic tool to find out the major challenges of rural women as an entrepreneur business. It was revealed that there is great potential of rural women I doing the various entrepreneur business like in Kandhkot, Jacobabad, Rali, Ajrak and Sindhi caps they are very much unique and they were generating income from their families. It was further revealed that the rural women is less confident and their husbands were always given them hard time once they are exposing themselves to outside the boundaries of the house. The biggest challenges which they were facing they were doing all business in house, lack of marketing facilities, Karo Kari criminal activities and they were deprived from the basic rights. This study contributes and explores the Rural Women challenges in SMEs business and how these critical unethical problems we can overcome like KARO KARI, and other various social issues growth.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2022 02:19
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2022 02:19
Uncontrolled Keywords: Women, Participation, SMEs, Probit model
Fields of Research (2008): 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140202 Economic Development and Growth
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140299 Applied Economics not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380109 Industry economics and industrial organisation
38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380118 Urban and regional economics
38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380119 Welfare economics
38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380199 Applied economics not elsewhere classified
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