Training Load and Recovery During a Pre-Olympic Season in Professional Rhythmic Gymnasts

Debien, Paula Barreiros and Miloski, Bernardo and Werneck, Francisco Zacaron and Timoteo, Thiago Ferreira and Ferezin, Camila and Bara Filho, Mauricio Gattas and Gabbett, Tim J. (2020) Training Load and Recovery During a Pre-Olympic Season in Professional Rhythmic Gymnasts. Journal of Athletic Training, 55 (9). pp. 977-983. ISSN 1062-6050


Abstract

Context: Rhythmic gymnastics requires a high level of complexity and perfection of technical gestures, associated with well-developed physical and artistic capacities. The training-load and recovery profiles of rhythmic gymnasts across a season are unknown. Objective: To analyze the training load and recovery of professional rhythmic gymnasts during 1 season. Design: Cohort study. Setting: Brazilian National Training Center of Rhythmic Gymnastics and competition facilities. Patients or Other Participants: Eight gymnasts from the Brazilian national senior rhythmic gymnastics group. Main Outcome Measure(s): Session rating of perceived exertion (session-RPE) and total quality recovery (TQR) scores were collected daily for 43 weeks. We obtained the session-RPE after each session and TQR score before the first session of the day. Performances during 5 competitions were also recorded. The season was divided into 8 periods. Total weekly internal training load (wITL), training intensity, frequency, duration, recovery, and acute: chronic workload ratio were calculated for analysis. Results: The season mean wITL was 10 381 6 4894 arbitrary units, mean session-RPE score was 5.0 6 1.6, and mean TQR score was 12.8 6 1.3. The gymnasts trained an average of 8.7 6 2.9 sessions per week, with a mean duration of 219 6 36 minutes. Each competitive period showed increased wITL compared with the previous period. Training-load variables (wITL and session-RPE) and recovery were inversely correlated. Gymnasts were poorly recovered (TQR, 13) during 50.9% of the season (n ¼ 167 times), especially during competitive weeks. Spikes in load (acute: chronic workload ratio ≥ 1.5) occurred across 18.1% of the season (n ¼ 55 times). Conclusions: The training-load variables and recovery changed throughout a professional rhythmic gymnastics group season, mainly during competitive periods. The correct distribution of training load is critical to ensure that gymnasts are entering competitions in a recovered state.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2021 03:50
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2021 04:39
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adult; Athletic Performance; Brazil; Cohort Studies; Exercise; Female; Gymnastics; Humans; Male; Physical Exertion; Recovery of Function; Time Factors; Workload
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420799 Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-402.19
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/44771

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