Infection risks associated with peripheral vascular catheters

Zhang, Li and Cao, Siyu and Marsh, Nicole and Ray-Barruel, Gillian and Flynn, Julie ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1512-2089 and Larsen, Emily and Rickard, Claire M. (2016) Infection risks associated with peripheral vascular catheters. Journal of Infection Prevention, 17 (5). pp. 207-213. ISSN 1757-1774


Abstract

Background: Peripheral vascular catheters (PVC) are the most frequently used invasive medical devices in hospitals, with 330 million sold each year in the USA alone. One in three UK inpatients at any one time has at least one PVC in situ according to the Scottish National Prevalence survey. Method: A narrative review of studies describing the infection risks associated with PVCs. Results: It is estimated that 30–80% of hospitalised patients receive at least one PVC during their hospital stay. Despite their prevalence, PVCs are not benign devices, and the high number of PVCs inserted annually has resulted in serious catheter-related bloodstream infections and significant morbidity, prolonged hospital stay and increased healthcare system costs. To date, PVC infections have been under-evaluated. Most studies focus on central venous catheter rather than PVC-associated bloodstream infections. Risks associated with PVC infection must be addressed to reduce patient morbidity and associated costs of prolonged hospital admission and treatment. Discussion: This article discusses the sources and routes of PVC-associated infection and outlines known effective prevention and intervention strategies.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2021 23:54
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2021 01:43
Uncontrolled Keywords: Catheter-related bloodstream infections; infection control; infection risk; peripheral vascular catheters
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1110 Nursing > 111003 Clinical Nursing: Secondary (Acute Care)
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1110 Nursing > 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4205 Nursing > 420506 Sub-acute care
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4205 Nursing > 420501 Acute care
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4205 Nursing > 420599 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1757177416655472
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/44672

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