Dietary habits, physical activity, and sedentary behaviour of children of employed mothers: a systematic review

Afrin, Sabiha and Mullens, Amy B. and Chakrabarty, Sayan and Bhowmik, Lupa and Biddle, Stuart J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7663-6895 (2021) Dietary habits, physical activity, and sedentary behaviour of children of employed mothers: a systematic review. Preventive Medicine Reports, 24:101607. pp. 1-16. ISSN 0091-7435

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Abstract

Since approximately 40% of the global workforce are women, a comprehensive understanding of association of maternal employment with child dietary patterns, physical activity and sedentary behaviour needs more focus. This systematic review aims to identify the association between maternal employment and dietary patterns (DP), physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) of children and adolescents (6 to 18 years). Searches were performed using electronic databases and manual searches. Peer reviewed journal articles, conference papers, theses at masters/doctoral levels in English were included. A total 42 studies met selection criteria, which indicated associations between maternal employment and at least one of the domains of interest: DP, PA and/or SB. Using individual samples of analysis, it was found that, 9 samples of DP, 11 samples of PA and 12 samples of SB were positively correlated with maternal employment, whereas 25 samples of DP, 5 samples of PA and 5 samples of SB showed an opposite association. Results suggest that PA and SB were positively related with maternal employment, whereas DP had an inverse relationship. Findings from this review provide evidence that children of employed mothers had poorer DP and greater prevalence of SB, however, their children are more physically active. Future interventions need to create a positive environment at the workplace and for families to support employed mothers and improve children’s dietary patterns and decrease sedentary behaviours. Future studies should prioritise the domains of DP, PA and SB that have been studied inadequately and have inconsistent results.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health and Wellbeing (1 Jan 2015 - 31 Dec 2021)
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2021 01:44
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2022 04:33
Uncontrolled Keywords: Children and adolescent; Dietary patterns (DP); Maternal employment; Physical activity (PA); Sedentary behaviour (SB)
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111707 Family Care
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics > 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3213 Paediatrics > 321302 Infant and child health
32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3213 Paediatrics > 321301 Adolescent health
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420605 Preventative health care
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420699 Public health not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health
C Society > 92 Health > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200401 Behaviour and health
20 HEALTH > 2099 Other health > 209999 Other health not elsewhere classified
20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200411 Overweight and obesity
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2021.101607
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/44393

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