The role of access to electricity, female education, and public health expenditure on female health outcomes: evidence from SAARC‑ASEAN countries

Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7950-1961 and Alam, Khosrul (2021) The role of access to electricity, female education, and public health expenditure on female health outcomes: evidence from SAARC‑ASEAN countries. BMC Women's Health, 21:383. pp. 1-12. ISSN 1472-6874

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Abstract

Background: The importance of the status of female health should have research priority due to the unique medical needs of women. Hence this paper attempts to explore the nexus of access to electricity, female education, and public health expenditure with female health outcomes in the SAARC-ASEAN countries.

Methods: Using the data of 2002–2018, and applying the cross-sectional dependence test, Modified Wald test, Wooldridge test, the Panel corrected standard error (PCSE) model, the Feasible generalized least square (FGLS) model, and the pair-wise Granger causality test, the robust outcomes on female health are found.

Results: Access to electricity, female education rate, public health expenditure, economic growth, and immunization rate, all have a positive effect on female life expectancy at birth, and a negative effect on the female adult mortality rate. The urbanization rate has a significantly positive impact on female life expectancy at birth but an insignificant impact on female adult mortality rate. The one-way causal relationship between the variables are also revealed.

Conclusions: All the results are rational and have important milestone for the health sector. The health status of females should be improved and protected by formulating effective policies on access to electricity, female education, public health expenditure, immunization, economic growth, and urbanization.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Business (18 Jan 2021 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Business (18 Jan 2021 -)
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2021 06:15
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2021 06:52
Uncontrolled Keywords: Access to electricity, Female education, Public health expenditure, Female life expectancy, Female adult mortality
Fields of Research (2008): 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140208 Health Economics
14 Economics > 1403 Econometrics > 140304 Panel Data Analysis
Fields of Research (2020): 38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380108 Health economics
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): B Economic Development > 91 Economic Framework > 9199 Other Economic Framework > 919999 Economic Framework not elsewhere classified
C Society > 92 Health > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920507 Women's Health
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-021-01520-0
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/44097

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