Relationships between pre-competition mood and swimming performance: test of a conceptual model with an emphasis on depressed mood

Janover, Marc A. and Terry, Peter C. (2002) Relationships between pre-competition mood and swimming performance: test of a conceptual model with an emphasis on depressed mood. In: 37th Annual Conference of the Australian Psychological Society, 27 Sep - 10 Oct, 2002, Gold Coast, Australia.

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A conceptual model of mood-performance relationships, which emphasises that the effects of tension and anger on sport performance are moderated by depressed mood, was tested on 354 adolescent swimmers at an inter-schools carnival. Pre-competition mood was assessed using the Profile of Mood States – Adolescents, a 24-item measure of six subscales (anger, confusion, depression, fatigue, tension, vigour). Participants were dichotomised into depressed mood (n = 122) and no-depression (n = 232) groups. Mood responses were generally more positive among the no-depression group, and interrelationships among mood dimensions were stronger in the depressed mood group. Mood scores accounted for 25% of the variance in swimming performance, which was self-referenced against personal best and target time. A positive vigour-performance relationship and inverse fatigue-performance and confusion-performance relationships were found for both groups. While an inverse tension-performance relationship was found for the overall sample, the relationship was curvilinear among the no-depression group. Anger scores were associated with poor performance for the overall sample, and the hypothesised moderating effect of depressed mood on the anger-performance relationship did not emerge clearly. Findings suggest that the interactive effects of pre-competitive mood states impact upon swimming performance, and that interventions designed to enhance swimming performance should particularly target depressed mood.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Abstract only available
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2017 05:28
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2017 05:28
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mood-performance; smimming; depressed mood
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology

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