A reactive copper-organophosphate-MXene heterostructure enabled antibacterial, self-extinguishing and mechanically robust polymer nanocomposites

Liu, Lei and Zhu, Menghe and Ma, Zhewen and Xu, Xiaodong and Seraji, Seyed Mohsen and Yu, Bin and Sun, Ziqi and Wang, Hao and Song, Pingan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1082-652X (2022) A reactive copper-organophosphate-MXene heterostructure enabled antibacterial, self-extinguishing and mechanically robust polymer nanocomposites. Chemical Engineering Journal, 430:132712. pp. 1-12. ISSN 1385-8947


Abstract

The ongoing Covid-19 pandemic has raised the need for urgent antibacterial requirements for many commercially important polymers, e.g., Epoxy resins (EPs). Meanwhile, intrinsic flammability and poor impact toughness are two big obstacles that greatly impede the practical applications of EPs. Hence, it has been imperative but highly challenging to create advanced EPs combining satisfactory antibacterial, fire-retardant and mechanically robust performances so far. Here, we report a reactive multifunctional heterostructure, copper-organophosphate-MXene (CuP-MXene) by rational design. Our results show that with 5.0 wt% of CuP-MXene, in addition to achieving a high antibacterial efficiency above 99.9%, the resultant EP nanocomposite exhibits satisfactory flame retardancy (UL-94 V-0 rating, peak heat release rate decreased by 64.4%) and improved mechanical properties (tensile strength, elastic modulus and impact strength increased by 31.7%, 38.9%, and 25.0%, respectively) relative to virgin EP, outperforming its previous counterparts. Such a desirable performance portfolio arises from multiple synergistic effects between CuP and MXene. This work provides a general strategy for the design of multifunctional nanoadditives and advanced functional polymers, and creates more opportunities for industrial applications of EP in the areas of coatings, medical devices and furniture.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2021 04:11
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2021 01:59
Uncontrolled Keywords: MXene; Heterostructure; Antibacterial activity; Flame retardancy; Mechanical property
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091205 Functional Materials
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401605 Functional materials
40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401602 Composite and hybrid materials
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280105 Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences
28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280110 Expanding knowledge in engineering
Funding Details:
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2021.132712
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/44071

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