Functionalizing MXene towards highly stretchable, ultratough, fatigue- and fire-resistant polymer nanocomposites

Liu, Lei and Zhu, Menghe and Shi, Yongqian and Xu, Xiaodong and Ma, Zhewen and Yu, Bin and Fu, Shenyuan and Huang, Guobo and Wang, Hao and Song, Pingan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1082-652X (2021) Functionalizing MXene towards highly stretchable, ultratough, fatigue- and fire-resistant polymer nanocomposites. Chemical Engineering Journal, 424:130338. pp. 1-13. ISSN 1385-8947


Abstract

Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) features many important industrial applications, but intrinsic flammability extremely impedes its practical applications. Current fire-retardant strategies often lead to improved flame retardancy but reduced mechanical properties (strength, ductility, and toughness). Hence, to date it has been unsuccessful to design advanced TPU materials that are strong, stretchable, tough, fatigue-and fire-resistant to meet increasing performance portfolio requirements. Here, we report a hybridized fire retardant (Zr-MXene) by in situ facilely loading zirconium amino-tris-(methylenephosphonate) (Zr-AMP) onto the titanium carbide (MXene) surface. Our results show that with 1 wt% of Zr-MXene, the resultant TPU nanocomposites demonstrate a record break strain (2060%) and toughness (316 MJ/m3) to date, in addition to increased tensile strength by 43.4% and improved fatigue resistance relative to the TPU matrix, because of favorable interfacial hydrogen-bonding. Moreover, the resultant TPU material exhibit significantly reduced flammability as a result of the combined physical barrier, catalytical carbonization and diluting effects of Zr-MXene. This work provides a promising strategy for the creation of multifunctional MXene and its polymeric nanocomposites, which hold great promise for many industrial applications.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2021 02:02
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2021 01:59
Uncontrolled Keywords: MXene; Thermoplastic polyurethane; Mechanical property; Flame retardancy; Smoke suppression
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091209 Polymers and Plastics
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091205 Functional Materials
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401605 Functional materials
40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401609 Polymers and plastics
40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401602 Composite and hybrid materials
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280105 Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences
28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280110 Expanding knowledge in engineering
Funding Details:
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2021.130338
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/44065

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