Engineering MXene surface with POSS for reducing fire hazards of polystyrene with enhanced thermal stability

Yu, Bin and Yuen, Anthony Chun Yin and Xu, Xiaodong and Zhang, Zhen-Cheng and Yang, Wei and Lu, Hongdian and Fei, Bin and Yeoh, Guan Heng and Song, Pingan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1082-652X and Wang, Hao (2021) Engineering MXene surface with POSS for reducing fire hazards of polystyrene with enhanced thermal stability. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 401:123342. pp. 1-13. ISSN 0304-3894


Abstract

High-performance MXene-based polymer nanocomposites are highly desirable for diverse industry applications due to their exceptional mechanical, thermal and other properties. Nevertheless, it remains an intractable challenge to create flame retardant polymer/MXene nanocomposites due to the difficulty to achieve uniform dispersion of MXenes. Here, we reported a facile strategy for the surface manipulation of two-dimensional titanium carbide nanosheets (Ti3C2Tx) with 3-aminopropylheptaisobutyl-polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (AP-POSS) (POSS-Ti3C2Tx) through electrostatic interactions. The POSS-Ti3C2Tx is steadily dispersed in many polar solvents. Upon incorporated into polystyrene (PS), the combined effect of AP-POSS and MXene makes the resultant PS nanocomposites exhibit significantly improved thermal and thermoxidative stability, e.g. 22 °C and 39 °C increases in the temperature at 5 wt% mass loss under nitrogen and air, respectively. Meanwhile, a 39.1 % reduction in the peak heat release rate, a respective 54.4 % and 35.6 % reduction in the peak CO production rate and the peak CO2 production rate was achieved, which are superior to those of its own and previous counterparts. This outstanding fire safety is attributed to the combination of adsorption, catalytic and barrier effects of POSS-Ti3C2Tx. Hence, as-designed functionalized MXenes can be effectively applied in PS to formulate multifunctional polymer nanocomposites attractive for wide potential applications.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2021 05:43
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2021 00:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: MXene; Polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane; Surface manipulation; Polystyrene; Thermal stability; Fire safety
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091205 Functional Materials
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401605 Functional materials
40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401602 Composite and hybrid materials
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280110 Expanding knowledge in engineering
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.123342
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/44039

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