Do individual perceptions of group cohesion reflect shared beliefs? An empirical analysis

Carron, Albert V. and Brawley, Lawrence R. and Eys, Mark A. and Bray, Steven R. and Colman, Michelle and Dorsch, Kim and Estabrooks, Paul and Hall, Craig R. and Hardy, James and Hausenblas, Heather and Madison, Ralph and Paskevich, David and Prapavessis, Harry and Spink, Kevin S. and Terry, Peter C. (2003) Do individual perceptions of group cohesion reflect shared beliefs? An empirical analysis. Small Group Research: An International Journal of Theory, Investigation, and Application, 34 (4). pp. 468-496. ISSN 1046-4964

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The primary purpose of the study was to use the index of agreement to examine the degree to which individual perceptions of cohesiveness reflect shared beliefs for group cohesion in sport teams. The secondary purposes were to examine how the type of cohesion, the task interactive nature of the group, and the absolute level of cohesion are related to the index of agreement. Teams (n = 192 containing 2107 athletes) were tested on the Group Environment Questionnaire. The average index of agreement values were greater for the Group integration (GI) manifestations of cohesiveness (GI-task, rwg(j) = .721; GI-social, rwg(j) = .694) than for the Individual attractions to the group (ATG) manifestations (ATG-task, rwg(j) = .621; ATG-social, rwg(j) = .563). No differences were found in index of agreement values for teams differentiated on the basis of task interdependence (i.e., interactive sport teams versus coactive/independent sport teams). Finally, a consistent pattern of relationships was observed between the absolute level of cohesiveness and the index of agreement; consensus increased as the amount of cohesiveness present in the team increased. The results were discussed in terms of their implication for the aggregation of individual perceptions of cohesion to represent the group construct.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Author's version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2008 01:45
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2013 03:30
Uncontrolled Keywords: task type; consensus; sport teams; group environment; questionnaire
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170112 Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services > 1503 Business and Management > 150305 Human Resources Management
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1177/1046496403254274

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