Tribological behavior of mild steel under canola biolubricant conditions

Shalwan, A. and Yousif, B. F. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3847-5469 and Alajmi, F. H. and Alajmi, M. (2021) Tribological behavior of mild steel under canola biolubricant conditions. Advances in Tribology, 2021:795831. pp. 1-13. ISSN 1687-5915

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Abstract

New lubricants based on vegetable oil were developed in this study. Different blends of canola oil mixed with fully synthetic two stock engine oils were developed (0, 20%, 40%, 60%, and 80% of synthetic oil).  The viscosity of the prepared blends was determined at different temperatures (20°C–80°C). Tribological experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of the newly developed oil on the wear characteristics of mild steel material compared with stainless steel when subjected to adhesive wear loading. The weight loss (WL) and the specific wear rate (SWR) of the mild steel using each of the prepared lubricants were determined. Scanning electron microscopy was used to examine the worn surface of the mild steel. The results revealed that pure canola oil as a lubricant performed competitively against a blend of 80% synthetic and 20% canola oils. The viscosity of the canola oil and its various blends with synthetic oil are controlled by the environmental temperature since an increased temperature reduces the viscosity. Also, the experimental results revealed that operating parameters play the main role in controlling the wear behavior of mild steel since increasing the sliding distances increases the weight loss. The specific wear rate exhibited a steady state after about 5 km sliding distance, and different blends influenced the applied loads and velocity differently. The mixing ratio of canola and syntactic oil was not particularly significant since the pure canola oil exhibited competitive wear performance compared with the blends. However, an intermediate mixing ratio (40%–60% synthetic oil mixed with 60%–40% canola) can produce a slightly low specific wear rate among other things.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Copyright © 2021 A. Shalwan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (1 Jul 2013 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (1 Jul 2013 -)
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2021 04:11
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 06:48
Uncontrolled Keywords: lubricants; vegetable oil; tribology
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091309 Tribology
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4017 Mechanical engineering > 401708 Tribology
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/3795831
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/43907

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