Seven new Serendipita species associated with Australian terrestrial orchids

Oktalira, Fitria T. and May, Tom W. and Dearnaley, John D. W. ORCID: and Linde, Celeste C. (2021) Seven new Serendipita species associated with Australian terrestrial orchids. Mycologia, 113 (5). pp. 968-987. ISSN 0027-5514


Serendipita is one of the main fungal genera that form mutualistic associations with species of orchids (Orchidaceae). Here, seven new Serendipita species associated with various Australian orchid genera are described. These Serendipita species were originally characterized by multilocus DNA sequence species delimitation analyses (three mtDNA and four nuclear genes) and confirmed as distinct with addition of further isolates and reanalysis of nuc rDNA internal transcribed spacer region ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 (ITS) and nuc 28S rDNA (28S). Culture morphology and microscopic features are presented for each species, three of which are binucleate and four multinucleate. For the ITS region, the seven species have within-species sequence divergence between 1.07% and 4.31%, and all but one of the species pairs is separated by interspecific divergence of at least 4.35%. The newly described Serendipita species, S. australiana, S. communis, S. occidentalis, S. rarihospitum, S. secunda, S. talbotii, and S. warcupii, are shown to be separate species from S. vermifera on the basis of comparison against a sequence from the type. Isolates originally identified by Warcup as Sebacina 'vermifera' from Caladenia orchids are revised and shown to belong to three of the species newly described here. Some non-Caladenia isolates identified by Warcup as S. 'vermifera' are also shown to be non-conspecific with the type of S. vermifera. On the basis of ITS sequences, 346 isolates from 26 other studies, previously identified under provisional designations, are accommodated under the novel species. The species of Serendipta described here associate with the Australian orchid genera Caladenia, Cyanicula, Elythranthera, Ericksonella, Eriochilus, Glossodia, and Pheladenia. Most of the novel Serendipita species occur widely across Australia, often with widely distributed hosts, but one species, Serendipita rarihospitum, associates with narrowly distributed orchid species.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Sciences (6 Sep 2019 - 31 Dec 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Life Sciences and the Environment - Centre for Crop Health (24 Mar 2014 -)
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2021 00:04
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2021 00:02
Uncontrolled Keywords: morphology; orchid mycorrhizal fungi; sebacinales; serendipitaceae; taxonomy
Fields of Research (2008): 06 Biological Sciences > 0605 Microbiology > 060505 Mycology
Fields of Research (2020): 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3107 Microbiology > 310705 Mycology
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280102 Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences
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