Age and gender differences in the relationship between obesity and disability with self-perceived employment discrimination: Results from a retrospective study of an Australian national sample

Keramat, Syed Afroz and Alam, Khorshed ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2232-0745 and Rana, Rezwanul Hasan and Shuvo, Suvasish Das and Gow, Jeff and Biddle, Stuart J. H. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7663-6895 and Keating, Byron Keating (2021) Age and gender differences in the relationship between obesity and disability with self-perceived employment discrimination: Results from a retrospective study of an Australian national sample. SSM - Population Health, 16:100923. pp. 1-9. ISSN 2352-8273

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Abstract

Background
Health status is a crucial determinant of an individuals’ labour market outcomes. The present study investigates the association between obesity and disability with perceived employment discrimination within Australia.

Methods
A total of 17,174 person-year observations from the 11,079 respondents were analysed using four waves of data from the Household, Income, and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey. The primary outcome examined was employment discrimination, using obesity and disability as the main exposure variables. The longitudinal random-effects regression technique was applied to investigate the between-person differences in employment discrimination associated with obesity and disability.

Results
The findings suggest that more than one in ten (12.68 %) Australians experienced employment discrimination. The odds of being discriminated against while applying for a job were 1.56 times (aOR: 1.56, 95 % CI: 1.15–2.11) higher for obese than their healthy weight counterparts in youngest women. Adults with a disability had 1.89 times (aOR: 1.89, 95 % CI: 1.65–2.17) higher odds of being discriminated against than peers without disability.

Conclusion
The results provide evidence that obesity and disability contribute to employment discrimination in Australia. The findings can assist government and related agencies to consider the adequacy of existing discrimination legislation and help organisations to develop appropriate policies to address discrimination against obese and disabled people in their workplaces.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Business (18 Jan 2021 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2021 03:48
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2021 00:43
Uncontrolled Keywords: Australia; Disability; Employment discrimination; HILDA; Obesity
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111712 Health Promotion
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140208 Health Economics
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420603 Health promotion
38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380108 Health economics
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420699 Public health not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health
B Economic Development > 91 Economic Framework > 9102 Microeconomics > 910209 Preference, Behaviour and Welfare
C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920403 Disability and Functional Capacity
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200499 Public health (excl. specific population health) not elsewhere classified
15 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 1505 Microeconomics > 150509 Preference, behaviour and welfare
20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200411 Overweight and obesity
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2021.100923
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/43723

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