Ecosystems, livelihood assets and willingness to pay for wetland conservation in Bangladesh

Al‑Amin, A. K. M. Abdullah and Alam, Khorshed ORCID: and Shrestha, Uttam Babu and Prodhan, Masudul Haque and Hossain, Mostafa A. R. and Sattar, Nahid and Hossain, M. J. and Akhter, Tahmina (2021) Ecosystems, livelihood assets and willingness to pay for wetland conservation in Bangladesh. Environment, Development and Sustainability. pp. 1-32. ISSN 1387-585X


Wetland ecosystem services have come under severe threat globally due to environmental changes and anthropogenic impacts. Understanding the trend and usages of the ecosystem services with associated reasons, conservation attitude and determinants of payment responses of local inhabitants based on wetland proximity can benefit the adjacent communities and policy makers. The major contribution of the present study is that the study investigated the patterns of use and livelihood significance of wetland ecosystem services in data-deficit regions of north-eastern Bangladesh through evaluating the perceptions of local experts and community people. In addition, we examined the willingness to pay (WTP) attitudes using two payment vehicles and three payment versions as well as examined the effect of livelihood assets on their WTP. Results showed that the ecosystem services satisfy the subsistence, semi-commercial, commercial and beneficial requirements of the adjacent communities. Amongst the twenty-nine identified species, a few were locally extinct, and the availability of a number of other species decreased substantially. Conservation attitudes revealed that 25% of the respondents were interested in cash payment of which 16% expressed exact amount, whilst 9% mentioned interval values. However, 45% respondents were willing to volunteer a given number of days per annum of which 27% and 18% elicited exact and interval values, respectively. Interval regression results showed that WTP for conservation of the ecosystem services was sensitive to livelihood capitals. The study suggests proximity-based policies, declaring the wetland as an ecologically critical area, and utilising volunteering efforts by local inhabitants for conservation.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Business (18 Jan 2021 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Rural Economies Centre of Excellence (1 Aug 2018 -)
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2021 06:36
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2022 06:18
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wetland ecosystems; Livelihood significance; Livelihood assets; Payment cards format; Willingness to pay; Bangladesh
Fields of Research (2008): 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140205 Environment and Resource Economics
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management
05 Environmental Sciences > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050102 Ecosystem Function
Fields of Research (2020): 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410405 Environmental rehabilitation and restoration
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4102 Ecological applications > 410203 Ecosystem function
38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380105 Environment and resource economics
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960599 Ecosystem Assessment and Management not elsewhere classified
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9699 Other Environment > 969999 Environment not elsewhere classified
B Economic Development > 91 Economic Framework > 9199 Other Economic Framework > 919902 Ecological Economics
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1803 Fresh, ground and surface water systems and management > 180301 Assessment and management of freshwater ecosystems
28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280111 Expanding knowledge in the environmental sciences
15 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 1505 Microeconomics > 150599 Microeconomics not elsewhere classified
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