Psychophysical effects of music in sport and exercise: an update on theory, research and application

Terry, Peter C. and Karageorghis, Costas I. (2006) Psychophysical effects of music in sport and exercise: an update on theory, research and application. In: Psychology Bridging the Tasman: Science, Culture and Practice, 26-30 Sep 2006, Auckland, New Zealand.

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This paper provides a narrative review of recent theory, research and applications pertaining to the psychophysical effects of music in the sport and exercise domains. A conceptual framework is presented, which emphasises that the principal benefits of music – improved mood, arousal control, reduced perceived exertion, enhanced work output, improved skill acquisition, flow states, dissociation from feelings of pain and fatigue – are determined by the four factors of rhythm response, musicality, cultural impact, and extra-musical associations. A simple example involves the tendency for humans to respond to the rhythmical qualities of music by synchronising movement patterns to tempo. Synchronous music has been reliably shown to produce an ergogenic effect. Therefore, if athletes or exercisers work in time to music, they will likely work harder for longer. Responses to asynchronous, or background, music are less predictable and beneficial effects are less reliable, although considerable potential remains if certain principles are followed. An example is that fast, upbeat music produces a stimulative effect whereas slow, soft music produces a sedative effect. Several evidence-based examples are presented of how music has been used effectively in our work as applied practitioners with groups ranging from exercise participants to elite athletes.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Author's version deposited according to Publisher's requirements: 'This is an electronic version of an article published in Katsikitis, Mary (Ed.) (2006). Proceedings of the 2006 Joint Conference of the Australian Psychological Society and the New Zealand Psychological Society: Psychology Bridging the Tasman: Science, Culture and Practice (pp. 415-419). Melbourne, Australia: Australian Psychological Society. ISBN 0-909881-30-8.'
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2008 07:23
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 23:06
Uncontrolled Keywords: music; sport; exercise; psychology
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170112 Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
19 Studies in Creative Arts and Writing > 1904 Performing Arts and Creative Writing > 190408 Music Therapy
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences

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