Obesity, disability and self-perceived health outcomes in Australian adults: a longitudinal analysis using 14 annual waves of the HILDA cohort

Keramat, Syed Afroz and Alam, Khorshed ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2232-0745 and Ahinkorah, Bright Opoku and Islam, Md Sariful and Islam, Md Irteja and Hossain, Md Zobayer and Ahmed, Sazia and Gow, Jeff ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5726-298X and Biddle, Stuart J. H. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7663-6895 (2021) Obesity, disability and self-perceived health outcomes in Australian adults: a longitudinal analysis using 14 annual waves of the HILDA cohort. ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research, 13. pp. 777-788.

[img]
Preview
Text (Published Version)
Keramat_obesity-disability.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (4MB) | Preview

Abstract

Background: Both obesity and disability have been widely recognised as major public health challenges because they play significant roles in determining self-perceived general and mental health. Longitudinal studies of the relationship between obesity and disability with self-reported health outcomes are scarce. Therefore, the objective of the present study is to examine the relationship between obesity and disability with self-perceived general and mental health among Australian adults aged 15 years and above.

Methods: Data were extracted from the most recent 14 waves (waves 6 through 19) of the annual individual person dataset of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey. The longitudinal random-effects logistic regression model was adopted to investigate the relationships between obesity and disability with self-reported health outcomes.

Results: The results revealed that obese individuals and adults with some form of disability are more likely to report poor or fair general and mental health. The odds of self-reporting poor or fair general health were 2.40 and 6.07 times higher among obese (aOR: 2.40, 95% CI: 2.22– 2.58) and adults with some form of disability (aOR: 6.07, 95% CI: 5.77– 6.39), respectively, relative to adults with healthy weight and those without disability . The results also showed that self-rated poor or fair mental health were 1.22 and 2.40 times higher among obese adults (aOR: 1.22, 95% CI: 1.15– 1.30) and adults with disability (aOR: 2.40, 95% CI: 2.30– 2.51), respectively, compared to their healthy weight peers and peers without disability.

Conclusion: As governmental and non-governmental organisations seek to improve the community’s physical and mental well-being, these organisations need to pay particular attention to routine health care prevention, specific interventions, and treatment practices, especially for obese and/or people with disabilities.


Statistics for USQ ePrint 43503
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Business (18 Jan 2021 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2021 01:44
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2021 01:45
Uncontrolled Keywords: Australia, disability, mental health, obesity, self-perceived general health
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111712 Health Promotion
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140208 Health Economics
Fields of Research (2020): 38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380108 Health economics
38 ECONOMICS > 3802 Econometrics > 380204 Panel data analysis
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420699 Public health not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920403 Disability and Functional Capacity
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200401 Behaviour and health
15 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 1505 Microeconomics > 150599 Microeconomics not elsewhere classified
28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280112 Expanding knowledge in the health sciences
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.2147/CEOR.S318094
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/43503

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only