EUREC4A

Stevens, Bjorn and Bony, Sandrine and Farrell, David and Ament, Felix and Blyth, Alan and Fairall, Christopher and Karstensen, Johannes and Quinn, Patricia K. and Speich, Sabrina and Acquistapace, Claudia and Aemisegger, Franziska and Albright, Anna Lea and Bellenger, Hugo and Bodenschatz, Eberhard and Caesar, Kathy-Ann and Chewitt-Lucas, Rebecca and de Boer, Gijs and Delanoe, Julien and Denby, Leif and Ewald, Florian and Fildier, Benjamin and Forde, Marvin and George, Geet and Gross, Silke and Hagen, Martin and Hausold, Andrea and Heywood, Karen J. and Hirsch, Lutz and Jacob, Marek and Jansen, Friedhelm and Kinne, Stefan and Klocke, Daniel and Kolling, Tobias and Konow, Heike and Lothon, Marie and Mohr, Wiebke and Naumann, Ann Kristin and Nuijens, Louise and Olivier, Lea and Pincus, Robert and Pohlker, Mira and Reverdin, Gilles and Roberts, Gregory and Schnitt, Sabrina and Schulz, Hauke and Siebesma, A. Pier and Stephan, Claudia Christine and Sullivan, Peter and Touze-Peiffer, Ludovic and Vial, Jessica and Vogel, Raphaela and Zuidema, Paquita and Alexander, Nicola and Alves, Lyndon and Arixi, Sophian and Asmath, Hamish and Bagheri, Gholamhossein and Baier, Katharina and Bailey, Adriana and Baranowski, Dariusz and Baron, Alexandre and Barrau, Sebastien and Barrett, Paul A. and Batier, Frederic and Behrendt, Andreas and Bendinger, Arne and Beucher, Florent and Bigorre, Sebastien and Blades, Edmund and Blossey, Peter and Bock, Olivier and Boing, Steven and Bosser, Pierre and Bourras, Denis and Bouruet-Aubertot, Pascale and Bower, Keith and Branellec, Pierre and Branger, Hubert and Brennek, Michal and Brewer, Alan and Brilouet, Pierre-Etienne and Brugmann, Bjorn and Buehler, Stefan A. and Burke, Elmo and Burton, Ralph and Calmer, Radiance and Canonici, Jean-Christophe and Carton, Xavier and Cato, Gregory, Jr. and Charles, Jude Andre and Chazette, Patrick and Chen, Yanxu and Chilinski, Michal T. and Choularton, Thomas and Chuang, Patrick and Clarke, Shamal and Coe, Hugh and Cornet, Celine and Coutris, Pierre and Couvreux, Fleur and Crewell, Susanne and Cronin, Timothy and Cui, Zhiqiang and Cuypers, Yannis and Daley, Alton and Damerell, Gillian M. and Dauhut, Thibaut and Deneke, Hartwig and Desbios, Jean-Philippe and Dorner, Steffen and Donner, Sebastian and Douet, Vincent and Drushka, Kyla and Dutsch, Marina and Ehrlich, Andre and Emanuel, Kerry and Emmanouilidis, Alexandros and Etienne, Jean-Claude and Etienne-Leblanc, Sheryl and Faure, Ghislain and Feingold, Graham and Ferrero, Luca and Fix, Andreas and Flamant, Cyrille and Flatau, Piotr Jacek and Foltz, Gregory R. and Forster, Linda and Furtuna, Iulian and Gadian, Alan and Galewsky, Joseph and Gallagher, Martin and Gallimore, Peter and Gaston, Cassandra and Gentemann, Chelle and Geyskens, Nicolas and Giez, Andreas and Gollop, John and Gouirand, Isabelle and Gourbeyre, Christophe and de Graaf, Dorte and de Groot, Geiske E. and Grosz, Robert and Guttler, Johannes and Gutleben, Manuel and Hall, Kashawn and Harris, George and Helfer, Kevin C. and Henze, Dean and Herbert, Calvert and Holanda, Bruna and Ibanez-Landeta, Antonio and Intrieri, Janet and Iyer, Suneil and Julien, Fabrice and Kalesse, Heike and Kazil, Jan and Kellman, Alexander and Kidane, Abiel T. and Kirchner, Ulrike and Klingebiel, Marcus and Korner, Mareike and Kremper, Leslie Ann and Kretzschmar, Jan and Kruger, Ovid and Kumala, Wojciech and Kurz, Armin and L'Hegaret, Pierre and Labaste, Matthieu and Lachlan-Cope, Tom and Laing, Arlene and Landschutzer, Peter and Lang, Theresa and Lange, Diego and Lange, Ingo and Laplace, Clement and Lavik, Gauke and Laxenaire, Remi and Le Bihan, Caroline and Leandro, Mason and Lefevre, Nathalie and Lena, Marius and Lenschow, Donald and Li, Qiang and Lloyd, Gary and Los, Sebastian and Losi, Niccolo and Lovell, Oscar and Luneau, Christopher and Makuch, Przemyslaw and Malinowski, Szymon and Manta, Gaston and Marinou, Eleni and Marsden, Nicholas and Masson, Sebastien and Maury, Nicolas and Mayer, Bernhard and Mayers-Als, Margarette and Mazel, Christophe and McGeary, Wayne and McWilliams, James C. and Mech, Mario and Mehlmann, Melina and Meroni, Agostino Niyonkuru and Mieslinger, Theresa and Minikin, Andreas and Minnett, Peter and Moller, Gregor and Avalos, Yanmichel Morfa and Muller, Caroline and Musat, Ionela and Napoli, Anna and Neuberger, Almuth and Noisel, Christophe and Noone, David and Nordsiek, Freja and Nowak, Jakub L. and Oswald, Lothar and Parker, Douglas J. and Peck, Carolyn and Person, Renaud and Philippi, Miriam and Plueddemann, Albert and Pohlker, Christopher and Portge, Veronika and Poschl, Ulrich and Pologne, Lawrence and Posyniak, Michal and Prange, Marc and Melendez, Estefania Quinones and Radtke, Jule and Ramage, Karim and Reimann, Jens and Renault, Lionel and Reus, Klaus and Reyes, Ashford and Ribbe, Joachim ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6749-1228 and Ringel, Maximilian and Ritschel, Markus and Rocha, Cesar B. and Rochetin, Nicolas and Rottenbacher, Johannes and Rollo, Callum and Royer, Haley and Sadoulet, Pauline and Saffin, Leo and Sandiford, Sanola and Sandu, Irina and Schafer, Michael and Schemann, Vera and Schirmacher, Imke and Schlenczek, Oliver and Schmidt, Jerome and Schroder, Marcel and Schwarzenboeck, Alfons and Sealy, Andrea and Senff, Christoph J. and Serikov, Ilya and Shohan, Samkeyat and Siddle, Elizabeth and Smirnov, Alexander and Spath, Florian and Spooner, Branden and Stolla, M. Katharina and Szkolka, Wojciech and de Szoeke, Simon P. and Tarot, Stephane and Tetoni, Eleni and Thompson, Elizabeth and Thomson, Jim and Tomassini, Lorenzo and Totems, Julien and Ubele, Alma Anna and Villiger, Leonie and von Arx, Jan and Wagner, Thomas and Walther, Andi and Webber, Ben and Wendisch, Manfred and Whitehall, Shanice and Wiltshire, Anton and Wing, Allison A. and Wirth, Martin and Wiskandt, Jonathan and Wolf, Kevin and Worbes, Ludwig and Wright, Ethan and Wulfmeyer, Volker and Young, Shanea and Zhang, Chidong and Zhang, Dongxiao and Ziemen, Florian and Zinner, Tobias and Zoger, Martin (2021) EUREC4A. Earth System Science Data, 13 (8). pp. 4067-4119. ISSN 1866-3508

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Abstract

The science guiding the EUREC4A campaign and its measurements is presented. EUREC4A comprised roughly 5 weeks of measurements in the downstream winter trades of the North Atlantic – eastward and southeastward of Barbados. Through its ability to characterize processes operating across a wide range of scales, EUREC4A marked a turning point in our ability to observationally study factors influencing clouds in the trades, how they will respond to warming, and their link to other components of the earth system, such as upper-ocean processes or the life cycle of particulate matter. This characterization was made possible by thousands (2500) of sondes distributed to measure circulations on meso- (200 km) and larger (500 km) scales, roughly 400 h of flight time by four heavily instrumented research aircraft; four global-class research vessels; an advanced ground-based cloud observatory; scores of autonomous observing platforms operating in the upper ocean (nearly 10 000 profiles), lower atmosphere (continuous profiling), and along the air–sea interface; a network of water stable isotopologue measurements; targeted tasking of satellite remote sensing; and modeling with a new generation of weather and climate models. In addition to providing an outline of the novel measurements and their composition into a unified and coordinated campaign, the six distinct scientific facets that EUREC4A explored – from North Brazil Current rings to turbulence-induced clustering of cloud droplets and its influence on warm-rain formation – are presented along with an overview of EUREC4A's outreach activities, environmental impact, and guidelines for scientific practice. Track data for all platforms are standardized and accessible at https://doi.org/10.25326/165 (Stevens, 2021), and a film documenting the campaign is provided as a video supplement.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Sciences (6 Sep 2019 - 31 Dec 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Sciences (6 Sep 2019 - 31 Dec 2021)
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2021 23:24
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2022 02:05
Uncontrolled Keywords: North Atlantic Ocean, Barbados, clouds, trade winds, atmospheric turbulence, ocean turbulence, eddies
Fields of Research (2008): 04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040104 Climate Change Processes
04 Earth Sciences > 0405 Oceanography > 040503 Physical Oceanography
04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040106 Cloud Physics
Fields of Research (2020): 37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3702 Climate change science > 370201 Climate change processes
37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3708 Oceanography > 370803 Physical oceanography
37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3701 Atmospheric sciences > 370107 Cloud physics
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9602 Atmosphere and Weather > 960202 Atmospheric Processes and Dynamics
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960399 Climate and Climate Change not elsewhere classified
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1801 Air quality, atmosphere and weather > 180103 Atmospheric processes and dynamics
19 ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY, CLIMATE CHANGE AND NATURAL HAZARDS > 1905 Understanding climate change > 190599 Understanding climate change not elsewhere classified
28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280107 Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-4067-2021
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/43500

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