Magnetocentrifugal jets and chondrule formation in protostellar disks

Salmeron, Raquel and Ireland, Trevor (2014) Magnetocentrifugal jets and chondrule formation in protostellar disks. In: 2013 IAU Symposium: Exploring the Formation and Evolution of Planetary Systems, 2-7 June 2013, Victoria, Canada.


Chondrite meteorites are the building blocks of the solar nebula, out of which our Solar System formed. They are a mixture of silicate and oxide objects (chondrules and refractory inclusions) that experienced very high temperatures, set in a matrix that remained cold. Their prevalence suggests that they formed through a very general process, closely related to stellar and planet formation. However the nature and properties of the responsible mechanism have remained unclear. The evidence for a hot solar nebula provided by this material seems at odds with astrophysical observations of forming stars. These indicate that the typical temperatures of protostellar disks are too low to melt and vapourise silicate minerals at the radial distances sampled by chondrule-bearing meteorites. Here, we show that processing of precursors in a protostellar outflow at radial distances of about 1 – 3 AU can heat them to their melting points and explain their basic properties, while retaining association with the colder matrix.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Poster)
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2021 02:56
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 02:56
Uncontrolled Keywords: solar system - formation; planetary systems; protoplanetary disks; jets and outflows
Fields of Research (2008): 02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020110 Stellar Astronomy and Planetary Systems
Fields of Research (2020): 51 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 5101 Astronomical sciences > 510109 Stellar astronomy and planetary systems
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280120 Expanding knowledge in the physical sciences
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