The GALAH survey: using galactic archaeology to refine our knowledge of TESS target stars

Clark, Jake T. and Clerte, Mathieu and Hinkel, Natalie R. and Unterborn, Cayman T. and Wittenmyer, Robert A. and Horner, Jonathan and Wright, Duncan J. and Carter, Brad ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0035-8769 and Morton, Timothy D. and Spina, Lorenzo and Asplund, Martin and Buder, Sven and Bland-Hawthorn, Joss and Casey, Andy and de Silva, Gayandhi and D'Orazi, Valentina and Duong, Ly and Hayden, Michael and Freeman, Ken and Kos, Janez and Lewis, Geraint and Lin, Jane and Lind, Karin and Martell, Sarah and Sharma, Sanjib and Simpson, Jeffrey and Zucker, Dan and Zwitter, Tomaz and Tinney, Christopher G. and Ting, Yuan-Sen and Nordlander, Thomas and Amarsi, Anish M. (2021) The GALAH survey: using galactic archaeology to refine our knowledge of TESS target stars. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 504 (4). pp. 4968-4989. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

An unprecedented number of exoplanets are being discovered by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). Determining the orbital parameters of these exoplanets, and especially their mass and radius, will depend heavily upon the measured physical characteristics of their host stars. We have cross-matched spectroscopic, photometric, and astrometric data from GALAH Data Release 2, the TESS Input Catalog and Gaia Data Release 2, to create a curated, self-consistent catalogue of physical and chemical properties for 47 285 stars. Using these data, we have derived isochrone masses and radii that are precise to within 5 per cent. We have revised the parameters of three confirmed, and twelve candidate, TESS planetary systems. These results cast doubt on whether CTOI-20125677 is indeed a planetary system, since the revised planetary radii are now comparable to stellar sizes. Our GALAH-TESS catalogue contains abundances for up to 23 elements. We have specifically analysed the molar ratios for C/O, Mg/Si, Fe/Si, and Fe/Mg, to assist in determining the composition and structure of planets with Rp < 4R⊕. From these ratios, 36 per cent fall within 2$\sigma$ sigma of the Sun/Earth values, suggesting that these stars may host rocky exoplanets with geological compositions similar to planets found within our own Solar system.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: C. 2021 The Author(s). Published version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Astrophysics (1 Aug 2018 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Astrophysics (1 Aug 2018 -)
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2021 02:44
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2021 04:49
Uncontrolled Keywords: methods; observational; catalogues; planets and satellites; interiors; stars; fundamental parameters; abundances; astrophysics; earth and planetary astrophysics; astrophysics of galaxies; solar and stellar astrophysics
Fields of Research (2008): 02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020110 Stellar Astronomy and Planetary Systems
Fields of Research (2020): 51 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 5101 Astronomical sciences > 510109 Stellar astronomy and planetary systems
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280120 Expanding knowledge in the physical sciences
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stab1052
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/42821

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