El Nino–Southern Oscillation complexity

Timmermann, Axel and An, Soon Il and Kug, Jong Seong and Jin, Fei Fei and Cai, Wenju and Capotondi, Antonietta and Cobb, Kim M. and Lengaigne, Matthieu and McPhaden, Michael J. and Stuecker, Malte F. and Stein, Karl and Wittenberg, Andrew T. and Yun, Kyung Sook and Bayr, Tobias and Chen, Han-Ching and Chikamoto, Yoshimitsu and Dewitte, Boris and Dommenget, Dietmar and Grothe, Pamela and Guilyardi, Eric and Ham, Yoo Geun and Hayashi, Michiya and Ineson, Sarah and Kang, Daehyun and Kim, Sunyong and Kim, Won Moo and Lee, June Yi and Li, Tim and Luo, Jing Jia and McGregor, Shayne and Planton, Yann and Power, Scott and Rashid, Harun and Ren, Hong Li and Santoso, Agus and Takahashi, Ken and Todd, Alexander and Wang, Guomin and Wang, Guojian and Xie, Ruihuang and Yang, Woo Hyun and Yeh, Sang Wook and Yoon, Jinho and Zeller, Elke and Zhang, Xuebin (2018) El Nino–Southern Oscillation complexity. Nature, 559. pp. 535-545. ISSN 0028-0836


Abstract

El Niño events are characterized by surface warming of the tropical Pacific Ocean and weakening of equatorial trade winds that occur every few years. Such conditions are accompanied by changes in atmospheric and oceanic circulation, affecting global climate, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, fisheries and human activities. The alternation of warm El Niño and cold La Niña conditions, referred to as the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO), represents the strongest year-to-year fluctuation of the global climate system. Here we provide a synopsis of our current understanding of the spatio-temporal complexity of this important climate mode and its influence on the Earth system.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2021 08:28
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2022 00:20
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ecological and Environmental Sciences, Appied Ecoloy/Pollution; Atmospheric Pollution; Climatological/meteorological; Air-sea interaction; Air-sea interaction; Climate Change; El Nino-Southern Oscillation; Tropical Climate; Water Movements;
Fields of Research (2008): 04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040105 Climatology (excl.Climate Change Processes)
Fields of Research (2020): 37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3702 Climate change science > 370202 Climatology
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960304 Climate Variability (excl. Social Impacts)
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 19 ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY, CLIMATE CHANGE AND NATURAL HAZARDS > 1905 Understanding climate change > 190502 Climate variability (excl. social impacts)
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0252-6
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/42409

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