Psychological health of medical and dental students in Saudi Arabia: a longitudinal study

Aboalshamat, Khalid and Hou, Xiang-Yu and Strodl, Esben (2014) Psychological health of medical and dental students in Saudi Arabia: a longitudinal study. Public Health Research, 4 (5). pp. 179-184. ISSN 2167-7247

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Abstract

Introduction: Many studies have indicated the poor psychological health of medical and dental students. However, few studies have assessed the longitudinal trajectory of that psychological health at different times in an academic year. Aim: To evaluate the positive and negative aspects of psychological health among preclinical medical and dental students in Saudi Arabia prospectively. Methods: A total of 317 preclinical medical and dental students were recruited for a longitudinal study design from second and third-year students at Umm Al-Qura University in the 2012-2013 academic year. The students were assessed at the middle of the first term and followed up after 3-monthes at the beginning of the second term. Questionnaires included assessment of depression, anxiety, stress, self-efficacy, and satisfaction with life. Results: Depression, anxiety, stress, and satisfaction with life were improved significantly at the beginning of the second term, whereas self-efficacy did not change significantly. The medical, female, and third-year student subgroups had the most significant changes. Depression and stress were significantly changed at the beginning of the second term in most demographic subgroups. Conclusion: Preclinical medical and dental students have different psychological health levels at different times of the same academic year. It is recommended to consider time of data collection when analyzing the results of such studies.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2021 06:39
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2021 07:03
Uncontrolled Keywords: psychological health, university students, Saudi Arabia, Longitudinal Study
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111714 Mental Health
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4202 Epidemiology > 420201 Behavioural epidemiology
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4202 Epidemiology > 420210 Social epidemiology
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.5923/j.phr.20140405.05
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/42335

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