The university as ideological state apparatus: educating to defend the corporate status quo?

Udas, Ken and Stagg, Adrian (2019) The university as ideological state apparatus: educating to defend the corporate status quo? International Education Journal: Comparative Perspectives, 18 (1). pp. 66-79. ISSN 1443-1475


The function of the university in serving the state is the reproduction and legitimization of state functions and behaviours. Theorized in this manner, the university is observed as an internal auxiliary agent of the state that is made subordinate to dominant class interests and not as an independent agent able to critically and selectively respond to state policy and industrial incentives. The paper argues for the application of an instrumental theory of the state to frame the relationships between the contemporary university and the state in corporate liberal and neoliberal democracies. By offering a critical application of state theory, the authors provide a conceptual framework from which to build methodological approaches that explain why universities in advanced, capitalist societies have so thoroughly adopted neoliberal structures and behaviours. While previous research has offered critical approaches that tend to document how phenomena such as managerialism have become commonplace, this paper reviews an instrumental theory based on the power structure in which the university is cast within the state as part of the ideological state apparatus. Current critical research documenting the corporatization of the university is first considered then aligned with a theory of the state that not only accommodates academic capitalism but also points to the reasons for universities’ inability to engage in a serious critique of corporate liberal democracy.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Article freely available from link.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Academic Division - Library
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Academic Division - Library
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2021 23:36
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2022 04:15
Uncontrolled Keywords: university; theory of the state; instrumentalism; corporate liberal democracy; neoliberalism; advanced capitalism; corporate ideal; common good; private good; academic capitalism; ideological state apparatus; academic freedom; corporatisation
Fields of Research (2008): 13 Education > 1301 Education Systems > 130103 Higher Education
Fields of Research (2020): 39 EDUCATION > 3903 Education systems > 390303 Higher education
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970113 Expanding Knowledge in Education
C Society > 93 Education and Training > 9305 Education and Training Systems > 930503 Resourcing of Education and Training Systems
C Society > 94 Law, Politics and Community Services > 9402 Government and Politics > 940201 Civics and Citizenship
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 16 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 1601 Learner and learning > 160102 Higher education
16 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 1602 Schools and learning environments > 160201 Equity and access to education
23 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 2302 Government and politics > 230201 Civics and citizenship

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