Determinants of pro-environmental behavior among excessive smartphone usage children and moderate smartphone usage children in Taiwan

Fang, Wei-Ta and Ng, Eric and Liu, Shu-Mei and Chiang, Yi-Te and Chang, Mei-Chuan (2021) Determinants of pro-environmental behavior among excessive smartphone usage children and moderate smartphone usage children in Taiwan. PeerJ, 9:e11635.

[img]
Preview
Text (Published Version)
peerj-11635 - published version.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (3MB) | Preview

Abstract

Introduction. Although there is evidence linking the relationships between smart-phone usage with health, stress, and academic performance, there is still inadequate knowledge about the influence on pro-environmental behaviors. This study seeks to bridge this gap by adapting the theory of attribution framework to examine the effects of personal norms, social norms, perceived behavioral control on pro-environmental behavior of smartphone usage in children.

Methods. A total of 225 children aged between 11 to 12 from eight selected public primary schools at the Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park in Taiwan were surveyed. Two distinct groups (excessive versus moderate usage) were purposefully selected for comparison, of which 96 participants were excessive smartphone users while the
remaining 129 were moderate smartphone users.

Results. Findings revealed significant differences between excessive and moderate smartphone usage children groups in personal norms (p<0.001), social norms (p=0.002), perceived behavioral control (p=0.001), and pro-environmental behavior (p=0.001). Findings for excessive smartphone usage children showed that social norms (β=0.428, t=4.096***, p<0.001) had a direct predictive impact on pro-environmental behavior. In contrast, while there was no direct path established between personal norms and pro-environmental behavior (β=0.177, t=1.580, p>0.05), as well as social norms and pro-environmental behavior for moderate smartphone usage children (β=0.181, t=1.924, p>0.05), but such a relationship could be developed through the mediating effect of perceived behavioral control (β=0.497, t=4.471***, p<0.001).

Discussion. The results suggested that excessive smartphone usage children lack positive perceived behavioral control, and their pro-environmental behavior could only be predicted through explicit social norms, whereas pro-environmental behavior of moderate smartphone usage children was implicitly influenced by personal norms
through perceived behavioral control.


Statistics for USQ ePrint 42293
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Copyright 2021 Fang et al. Distributed under Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Business (18 Jan 2021 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Business (18 Jan 2021 -)
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2021 05:56
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2021 05:56
Uncontrolled Keywords: pro-environmental behavior, perceived behavioral control, personal norms, social norms, smartphone usage, children
Fields of Research (2008): 15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services > 1505 Marketing > 150599 Marketing not elsewhere classified
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050299 Environmental Science and Management not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410499 Environmental management not elsewhere classified
35 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 3506 Marketing > 350699 Marketing not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970115 Expanding Knowledge in Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280111 Expanding knowledge in the environmental sciences
28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280106 Expanding knowledge in commerce, management, tourism and services
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.11635
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/42293

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only