Sugar-sweetened beverages and school students' hypertension in urban areas of Nanjing, China

Qin, Zhenzhen and Xu, Fei and Ye, Qing and Zhou, Hairong and Li, Chao and He, Jing and Wang, Zhiyong and Hong, Xin and Hou, Xiang-Yu (2018) Sugar-sweetened beverages and school students' hypertension in urban areas of Nanjing, China. Journal of Human Hypertension, 32. pp. 392-396. ISSN 0950-9240


Abstract

Literature showed that sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) could increase the risk of developing hypertension in school students, but there is no reported evidence from China yet, so this study aims to investigate the association of the SSBs consumption and school students’ hypertension in urban areas of Nanjing, China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among primary and junior high school students selected from 32 primary schools and 16 junior high schools using a multistage random sampling method, with a total number of 10,091 participants involved. The mean age of Grade 4 is 9.04 ± 0.38, while the mean age of Grade 7 is 12.03 ± 0.41. Blood pressure was measured and SSBs consumption was reported using a validated questionnaire. The overall prevalence of hypertension was 4.5% among the participants. After adjustment for school, parental education, physical activity, diet intake including meat and snacks, participants who had an experience of SSBs intake were at a higher risk of developing hypertension (odds ratio (OR) = 1.40, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.15, 1.70) compared with those who had no experience of SSBs intake. A significant association between the consumption of SSBs and hypertension was observed among the students who were at a healthy weight (OR = 1.78, 95% CI = 1.20, 2.65), as well as who were overweight or obese (OR = 1.28, 95% CI = 1.01, 1.61). SSBs may play a contributing role in developing childhood hypertension in this population in China, which is of important implications for future population based childhood hypertension intervention in China and other countries.


Statistics for USQ ePrint 42226
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2021 04:17
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2021 05:00
Uncontrolled Keywords: China; hypertension; school students; soft drink; sugar-sweetened
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111716 Preventive Medicine
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111704 Community Child Health
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4202 Epidemiology > 420201 Behavioural epidemiology
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420601 Community child health
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health
C Society > 92 Health > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920501 Child Health
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200412 Preventive medicine
20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200401 Behaviour and health
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41371-018-0030-9
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/42226

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only