Why civil engineers need education of GIS and remote sensing in developing countries?

Perera, Kithsiri and Tateishi, Ryutaro and Goh, Steven (2019) Why civil engineers need education of GIS and remote sensing in developing countries? In: 2019 Education Research in Law and Engineering Symposium (ELERS 2019), 30 Sept 2019, Toowoomba, Australia.


Abstract

According to the Civil Engineering Contractors Association in the United Kingdom, “the social and economic benefits of infrastructure are closely related. The quality of life, health and social inclusion have become increasingly important factors in long term economic prosperity relies on proper planning”. In this context, GIS (Geographic Information Systems) technology plays a key role in designing civil infrastructure plans based on multi-source information approach. GIS is a vastly applied technology throughout the world, including major civil engineering projects. Remote sensing has enhanced GIS by providing spatial data from micro to macro scales. The present study chronologically evaluates the applicability of GIS and remote sensing in civil engineering projects, in developing countries compared to the developed world, including Australia. A comparative study to investigate the status of GIS and remote sensing education at universities in developing and developed countries was published in 1994 by the authors of the present study. A set of important factors, including the need for appropriate multi-discipline education, were identified as the governing force to control the application of GIS and remote sensing in civil engineering projects in 1994. Since the early 2000s, a revolutionary development in digital computing and internet connectivity has transformed how major civil infrastructure projects are planned and executed. Under this advancement within a developing country construct, how effective is the use of GIS and Remote Sensing technologies in supporting civil engineering projects? Even though the borderless improvements in internet connectivity share the benefits of electronic communication among the members of the global family, the barriers that developing nations were faced 25 years ago seems to overshadow the imperative to build an effective educational link between civil engineering and GIS and remote sensing. This study suggests several recommendations to increase the inclusion of GIS and remote sensing curriculum in civil engineering education in developing nations through a collective approach which should be taken by educators, scientists, as well as social and political decision-makers.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Life Sciences and the Environment - Centre for Applied Climate Sciences (1 Aug 2018 -)
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2021 02:55
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2021 02:55
Uncontrolled Keywords: remote sensing and GIS education, civil engineering, developing nations, developed nations
Fields of Research (2008): 13 Education > 1399 Other Education > 139999 Education not elsewhere classified
13 Education > 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy > 130212 Science, Technology and Engineering Curriculum and Pedagogy
Fields of Research (2020): 39 EDUCATION > 3999 Other Education > 399999 Other education not elsewhere classified
39 EDUCATION > 3901 Curriculum and pedagogy > 390113 Science, technology and engineering curriculum and pedagogy
33 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 3304 Urban and regional planning > 330404 Land use and environmental planning
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 16 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 1699 Other education and training > 169999 Other education and training not elsewhere classified
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/42219

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