Application of remote sensing and social media to mitigate bushfire threat in regional Australia

Perera, Kithsiri and Tateishi, Ryutaro and Herath, Srikantha (2017) Application of remote sensing and social media to mitigate bushfire threat in regional Australia. In: 2017 Australian Regional Development Conference: Regional Development in a Changing World, 11-12 sept 2017, Coffs Harbour, NSW, Australia.

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Abstract

Bushfire behaves as an integral part of forest regeneration cycle, but when it comes to the point of a natural disaster, the impact on human settlements and the environment is massive. In Australia, bushfires have become the most disastrous natural hazards. According to the Australian Bureau of Criminology, bushfire damage recorded from 1967 to 1999 have an estimated cost about $2.5 billion excluding losses to the forest cover and the environment. After the disastrous 2009 Black Saturday bushfire in Victoria, public attention to bushfire took a new peak. The Black Saturday bushfire has killed 173 people and injured about 500 people. However, about 50% of 54,000 average annual Australian bushfires occur due to suspicious and deliberate reasons. Due to this grave situation, scientists are regularly exploring various methods to mitigate the damage from bushfires. This study focuses on a low-cost safety measure that can be powered by widely available free satellite images and social media to mitigate the bushfire disasters, particularly in regional Australia. The prime focus of this study is to educate rural communities about the behaviour of the bushfire using semi real-time MODIS satellite imagery. These satellite imagery based bushfire contents or Media GIS contents will be available for local communities through social media to encourage people in participate of disaster mitigation efforts. MODIS data can be linked with Google high-resolution images and information gathered from participatory GIS to deliver precise and latest bushfire information. Collected Participatory GIS (PGIS) data can be used to enrich the GIS database to improve the safety of rural communities in bushfire hazards. Also, PGIS can be used as a tool to widen the discussions among local communities in natural disasters.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: No evidence of copyright restrictions preventing deposit of Published version.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2021 03:16
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2021 05:22
Uncontrolled Keywords: bushfires, rural communities, MODIS, media GIS, Participatory GIS (PGIS)
Fields of Research (2008): 04 Earth Sciences > 0499 Other Earth Sciences > 049999 Earth Sciences not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4199 Other environmental sciences > 419999 Other environmental sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960699 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1899 Other environmental management > 189999 Other environmental management not elsewhere classified
19 ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY, CLIMATE CHANGE AND NATURAL HAZARDS > 1904 Natural hazards > 190499 Natural hazards not elsewhere classified
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/42216

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