Forecasting hazardous jellyfish: shifting perceptions from black swans events to white

Gershwin, Lisa-ann and Crowley-Cyr, Lynda (2021) Forecasting hazardous jellyfish: shifting perceptions from black swans events to white. In: The cnidaria: only a problem or also a resource? Marine and Freshwater Biology. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Hauppauge, NY, USA, pp. 123-140.


Abstract

We all dream of the perfect vacation: balmy beaches, carefree days, exciting nights. But sometimes the unexpected occurs which can ruin a holiday. Pandemic. Volcanic eruption. Bush fire. Jellyfish invasion. Tourism operators must balance health and safety obligations associated with hazardous events with providing the carefree experience that they are selling to tourists. Too much emphasis on health and safety may dampen the tourists’ enthusiasm, while not enough emphasis may end in tragedy, not to mention legal ramifications. In the business sector, the metaphors of Black Swans and White Swans are useful in conceptualizing threats as either unanticipated or anticipated, respectively, as a starting point for their management. Jellyfish threats in tourism are typically viewed as unpredictable and unmanageable, that is, Black Swans. We argue, however, that it needn’t be this way. We already have reliable and affordable sting-protective swimwear; the gap is in knowing when and where it should be worn. Effective forecasting is the missing link. We use an earlier example from the Whitsundays region of the Great Barrier Reef, which may be retrospectively viewed as a proof-of-concept. A framework for forecasting jellyfish presence can shift the hazard from an unforeseen Black Swan to an anticipated and manageable White Swan. Such a shift will better inform policy and legislative decision-making, as conceptualised as a ‘Wicked Problem’ in our companion chapter in this volume. While not all swans encountered on holiday will always be of the feathery kind, proactive jellyfish management by tourism operators can help avert a Black Swan from manifesting into tragedy, and a White Swan from turning into a loss of confidence.


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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to document in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Law and Justice (1 Jul 2013 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Law and Justice (1 Jul 2013 -)
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2021 05:58
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2021 05:58
Uncontrolled Keywords: Irukandji jellyfish, Black Swan events, White Swan events, marine stinger management, public health and safety, tourism industry, Australia
Fields of Research (2008): 18 Law and Legal Studies > 1899 Other Law and Legal Studies > 189999 Law and Legal Studies not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 48 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 4804 Law in context > 480499 Law in context not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970115 Expanding Knowledge in Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 23 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 2399 Other law, politics and community services > 239999 Other law, politics and community services not elsewhere classified
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/42208

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