Pipeline burst-related ground stability in blowout condition

Shiau, Jim ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9220-3184 and Chudal, Bishal and Mahalingasivam, Kiritharan and Keawsawasvong, Suraparb (2021) Pipeline burst-related ground stability in blowout condition. Transportation Geotechnics, 29:100587. ISSN 2214-3912


Sinkhole incidents have increased rapidly in recent decades due to water main breaks. Although numerous researchers have recently conducted investigations in sinkhole phenomenon, most of the studies are related to natural sinkhole formation, underground cavity detection, and collapse analysis. Very few studies can be found in relation to the blowout stability of soils due to defective pipeline under high water main pressures, in spite the frequent media news about the water main bursts which enlighten the relevance of the problem. The present paper aims to study the soil's blowout stability above a damaged water main pipeline in three idealized stages of internal soil erosion, i.e. horizontal, semi-circular, and circular cavities using the latest finite element limit analysis technique. Dimensionless design parameters are used throughout the paper to present rigorous bounding solutions that can be used directly by designers to evaluate blowout stability of soils above defective pipelines. Design charts and tables are presented to cover a wide range of design parameters, and a practical example is introduced to illustrate their use in practice.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 -)
Date Deposited: 31 May 2021 03:31
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2021 23:59
Uncontrolled Keywords: blowout stability; water main burst; cavity; trapdoor; sinkhole
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090501 Civil Geotechnical Engineering
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400502 Civil geotechnical engineering
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 27 TRANSPORT > 2703 Ground transport > 270311 Road safety
28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280104 Expanding knowledge in built environment and design
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trgeo.2021.100587
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/42087

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