Husbands’ knowledge of breast cancer and their wives’ attitudes and practices related to breast cancer screening in Saudi Arabia: cross-sectional online survey

Sabgul, Afnan Abdulnasir and Qattan, Ameerah M. N. and Hashmi, Rubayyat ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5953-0650 and Al-Hanawi, Mohammed Khaled (2021) Husbands’ knowledge of breast cancer and their wives’ attitudes and practices related to breast cancer screening in Saudi Arabia: cross-sectional online survey. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 23 (2):e25404. pp. 1-11. ISSN 1439-4456

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Abstract

Background: Despite Saudi Arabia’s free and well-established cancer care program, breast cancer incidence and mortality are rising. Husbands’ knowledge, and wives’ attitudes and practices related to breast cancer screening are not well understood in Saudi Arabia. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate husbands’ knowledge, and wives’ attitudes and practices related to breast cancer screening in Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional study collected data from 403 husbands in the holy city of Makkah through an online self-reported questionnaire over a period of 2 months, from May 6 to July 7, 2020. Tabulation, bivariate, and multiple regression analyses were the major tools used for data analysis. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to examine the association between husbands’ knowledge and wives’ behavior regarding breast cancer screening methods. Results: Husbands’ knowledge score (a 1-point increase) was significantly associated with the wives’ utilization of mammograms (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 1.089, 95% CI 1.024-1.159) and breast self-examination (AOR 1.177, 95% CI 1.105-1.255). Husbands’ knowledge also influenced the wives’ attitudes toward learning about breast self-examination (AOR 1.138, 95% CI 1.084-1.195). There was no significant association between husbands’ knowledge and wives’ utilization of clinical breast examination. However, richer husbands showed a socioeconomic gradient concerning their wives’ utilization of clinical breast examinations (AOR 2.603, 95% CI 1.269-5.341). Conclusions: Overall, husbands’ knowledge of breast cancer influences wives’ attitudes and practices related to breast cancer screening methods in Saudi Arabia. Thus, interventions delivered to husbands might increase breast cancer awareness and survival.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: ©Afnan Abdulnasir Sabgul, Ameerah M N Qattan, Rubayyat Hashmi, Mohammed Khaled Al-Hanawi. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 25.02.2021. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on http://www.jmir.org/, as well as this copyright and license information must be included.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Business (18 Jan 2021 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Date Deposited: 07 May 2021 06:30
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2021 02:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: attitude; breast cancer; husbands; knowledge; Saudi Arabia; screening
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111712 Health Promotion
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140208 Health Economics
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111711 Health Information Systems (incl. Surveillance)
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420603 Health promotion
38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380108 Health economics
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.2196/25404
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/41941

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