Associations between indicators of energy intake and expenditure with excess weight and obesity among women in sedentary and less-sedentary jobs

Torquati, Luciana and Mielke, Gregore I. and Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy L. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5025-3204 and Brown, Wendy J. (2021) Associations between indicators of energy intake and expenditure with excess weight and obesity among women in sedentary and less-sedentary jobs. Preventive Medicine, 147:106507. ISSN 0091-7435


Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the associations between indicators of energy intake and expenditure with excess weight and obesity in women who work full-time in sedentary and less sedentary jobs.

Data were from 3444 participants the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health, who reported their weight, dietary intake, physical activity and occupation in 2009 (baseline), and weight in 2012 (follow-up). Participants were categorised as being in a ‘less sedentary’ or ‘sedentary’ job, based on occupational activity patterns. Odds of excess weight (BMI ≥ 25) at baseline and of being obese (BMI ≥ 30) at follow-up, by indicators of energy intake and expenditure, were compared in the two occupational groups.

In multivariate analyses, high non-work sitting time and saturated fat intake were associated with increased odds of obesity at 3-year follow-up in both occupational groups. In the sedentary job group, high physical activity (in leisure and transport) was associated with a 51% reduction in odds of obesity (OR 0.49, 95%CI 0.25–0.97). In the less-sedentary job group, energy intake and high soft drink consumption were associated with markedly increased odds of obesity (OR 1.67 95%CI 1.07–2.61; OR 2.08 95%CI1.42–3.05, respectively).

In this cohort of young Australian women, sedentariness at work did not markedly affect the prevalence of excess weight or obesity. Indicators of high energy intake and low energy expenditure were associated with increased odds of both excess weight and obesity, regardless of sedentariness of occupational group.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy oft he publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health and Wellbeing (1 Jan 2015 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2021 05:58
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2021 06:03
Uncontrolled Keywords: energy balance, sedentary work, physical activity, obesity, dietary questionnaire for epidemiological studies, sugar sweetened beverages, saturated fat
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420699 Public health not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200411 Overweight and obesity
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2021.106507
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/41687

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