Sustaining ecosystem based adaptation: the lessons from policy and practices in Nepal

Bhattarai, Sushma and Regmi, Bimal Raj and Pant, Basant and Uprety, Dharam Raj and Maraseni, Tek (2021) Sustaining ecosystem based adaptation: the lessons from policy and practices in Nepal. Land Use Policy, 104:105391. pp. 1-10. ISSN 0264-8377


Abstract

The ecosystem based adaption (EbA) approach mobilizes ecosystem products and services to reduce people’s vulnerability and improve adaptation to climate change. The approach is being tested and promoted globally including Nepal. However, there are limited studies on why EbA faces challenges of mainstreaming and wider upscaling in developing countries' policies and practices. Based on an empirical case study from the first EbA pilot project site in Nepal 'Panchase Mountain Ecological Region', expert consultation, and in-depth policy analysis, this study examines the effectiveness of interventions implemented through EbA and explores 'Why' questions related to mainstreaming and upscaling of EbA in Nepal. The results showed that EbA helps to reduce climate vulnerability and enhance socio-ecosystem resilience. However, it often lacks innovativeness in addressing the risk and vulnerability associated with the changing climate. Though EbA is spelled out in most of Nepal’s climate change policies, it faces sustainability issues due to low priority, lack of a proper institutional mechanism, and inadequate budget provisions. The EbA related activities are implemented on a small scale, runs for a short period, and failed to demonstrate tangible impacts. The sustainability of the EbA practices in Nepal will be ensured, only if it is mainstreamed in the government's regular planning process, receives enough budget from the government, and has robust institutional mechanisms in place for implementing and monitoring EbA activities. The study's findings are expected to be useful for policymakers, practitioners, and development agencies to shape interventions to institutionalize the EbA approach in the developing countries.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Life Sciences and the Environment (1 Aug 2018 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Life Sciences and the Environment (1 Aug 2018 -)
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2021 06:20
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2021 04:29
Uncontrolled Keywords: Socio-ecological resilience, Vulnerability, Policy Mainstreaming, Sustainability
Fields of Research (2008): 05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management
Fields of Research (2020): 30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3007 Forestry sciences > 300703 Forest ecosystems
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960805 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1806 Terrestrial systems and management > 180601 Assessment and management of terrestrial ecosystems
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2021.105391
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/41655

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