An evaluation of the factor structure of the Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale (SAWS) and the creation of the SAWS-15 as a short measure for personal wisdom

Leeman, Trilas M. and Knight, Bob G. and Fein, Erich C. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4119-0130 and Winterbotham, Sonya and Webster, Jeffrey Dean (2021) An evaluation of the factor structure of the Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale (SAWS) and the creation of the SAWS-15 as a short measure for personal wisdom. International Psychogeriatrics. pp. 1-11. ISSN 1041-6102

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Abstract

Objectives:
Although wisdom is a desirable life span developmental goal, researchers have often lacked brief and reliable construct measures. We examined whether an abbreviated set of items could be empirically derived from the popular 40-item five-factor Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale (SAWS).

Design:
Survey data from 709 respondents were randomly split into two and analyzed using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA).

Setting:
The survey was conducted online in Australia.

Participants:
The total sample consisted of 709 participants (M age = 35.67 years; age range = 15–92 years) of whom 22% were male, and 78% female.

Measurement:
The study analyzed the 40-item SAWS.

Results:
Sample 1 showed the traditional five-factor structure for the 40-item SAWS did not fit the data. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) on Sample 2 offered an alternative model based on a 15-item, five-factor solution with the latent variables Reminiscence/Reflection, Humor, Emotional Regulation, Experience, and Openness. This model, which replicates the factor structure of the original 40-item SAWS with a short form of 15 items, was then confirmed on Sample 1 using a CFA that produced acceptable fit and measurement invariance across age groups.

Conclusions:
We suggest the abbreviated SAWS-15 can be useful as a measure of individual differences in wisdom, and we highlight areas for future research.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology and Counselling (1 Jan 2015 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2021 00:17
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2021 04:21
Uncontrolled Keywords: SAWS; wisdom; SAWS-15; measurement; reliability; age group; invariance
Fields of Research (2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170110 Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
Fields of Research (2020): 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520106 Psychology of ageing
52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520108 Testing, assessment and psychometrics
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610220004202
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/41573

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