Making Society Climate Resilient: International Progress under the Global Framework for Climate Services

Hewitt, C. D. ORCID: and Allis, E. and Mason, S. J. and Muth, M. and Pulwarty, R. and Shumake-Guillemot, J. and Bucher, A. and Brunet, M. and Fischer, A. M. and Hama, A. M. and Kolli, R. K. and Lucio, F. and Ndiaye, O. and Tapia, B. (2020) Making Society Climate Resilient: International Progress under the Global Framework for Climate Services. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101 (2). pp. 237-252. ISSN 0003-0007


There is growing awareness among governments, businesses, and the general public of risks arising from changes to our climate on time scales from months through to decades. Some climatic changes could be unprecedented in their harmful socioeconomic impacts, while others with adequate forewarning and planning could offer benefits. There is therefore a pressing need for decision-makers, including policy-makers, to have access to and to use high-quality, accessible, relevant, and credible climate information about the past, present, and future to help make better-informed decisions and policies. We refer to the provision and use of such information as climate services. Established programs of research and operational activities are improving observations and climate monitoring, our understanding of climate processes, climate variability and change, and predictions and projections of the future climate. Delivering climate information (including data and knowledge) in a way that is usable and useful for decision-makers has had less attention, and society has yet to optimally benefit from the available information. While weather services routinely help weather-sensitive decision-making, similar services for decisions on longer time scales are less well established. Many organizations are now actively developing climate services, and a growing number of decision-makers are keen to benefit from such services. This article describes progress made over the past decade developing, delivering, and using climate services, in particular from the worldwide effort galvanizing around the Global Framework for Climate Services under the coordination of UN agencies. The article highlights challenges in making further progress and proposes potential new directions to address such challenges.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 17 May 2021 03:05
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 01:25
Uncontrolled Keywords: climate change; climate services; climate information; decision-makers; policy-makers; Global Framework for Climate Services
Fields of Research (2008): 04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040104 Climate Change Processes
Fields of Research (2020): 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4101 Climate change impacts and adaptation > 410199 Climate change impacts and adaptation not elsewhere classified
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