Antisocial and Prosocial online behaviour: Exploring the roles of the Dark and Light Triads

March, Evita and Marrington, Jessica Z. (2021) Antisocial and Prosocial online behaviour: Exploring the roles of the Dark and Light Triads. Current Psychology. pp. 1-4. ISSN 1046-1310


Abstract

The Dark Triad (DT; Paulhus & Williams, 2002) of personality consists of three inter-related traits: narcissism (grandiosity, entitlement, and self-importance), Machiavellianism (manipulative and strategic) and psychopathy (empathy deficits, impulsivity), and has receive denormous attention in the literature (Dinic & Jevremov, 2019). The recently proposed Light Triad (LT; Kaufman, Yaden, Hyde, & Tsukayama, 2019)of personality comprises three prosocial and growth-oriented traits of Faith in Humanity (believing in the fundamental goodness of humans), Humanism (valuing the dignity and worth of each individual), and Kantianism (treating people as ends unto themselves). The creators recommended that researchers explore and demonstrate different behavioural outcomes for both the DT and LT. In the current study,we explore the DT, LT, and online behaviour.The DT predicts a variety of antisocial online behaviour, including cyberbullying (Balakrishnan, Khan, & Arabnia, 2020; Safaria et al.,2020), cyberstalking (March, Litten, Sullivan, & Ward,2020), and trolling(March,2019). Antisocial online behaviour has significiant negative impact for victims (Moor &Anderson, 2019). Comparatively, limited research has explored DT traits and prosocial online behaviours, defined as online behaviour intended to benefit others (e.g.,providing online support; Guo, Sun, & Li,2018). However, the DT traits do predict lower offline prosocial behaviour (Wertag & Bratko, 2019). As co-construction theory posits that our online behaviour mirrors our offline behaviour (see Wang & Wang,2008), there is rationale for the DT to be significant, negative predictors of prosocial online behaviour.Relative to the DT, limited research has explored the LT and online behaviour. In this study, we test expectations of Kaufman et al. (2019) for the LT to display an opposite pattern of results to the DT. The purpose of the current study was to explore the utility of the DT and LT to predict perpetration of antisocial and prosocial online behaviour. We predicted theDT traits would be significant positive predictors of antisocial online behaviour and signficant negative predictors of prosocial online behaviour. Further, we predicted that the LT traits would be significant negative predictors of antisocial online behaviour and significant positive predictors of prosocial online behaviour.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology and Counselling (1 Jan 2015 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2021 01:26
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2021 01:26
Uncontrolled Keywords: online behaviour; cyberbullying; cyberstalking; trolling; online support; personality; predictors; antisocial behaviour; prosocial behaviour; Dark Triad (DT); narcissism; Machiavellianism; psychopathy; Light Triad (LT); Faith in Humanity; Humanism; Kantianism
Fields of Research (2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
Fields of Research (2020): 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5205 Social and personality psychology > 520503 Personality and individual differences
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-01552-7
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/41505

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