The underpinning factors of NBA game-play performance: a systematic review (2001-2020)

Huyghe, Thomas and Alcaraz, Pedro E. and Calleja Gonzalez, Julio and Bird, Stephen P. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5607-3829 (2021) The underpinning factors of NBA game-play performance: a systematic review (2001-2020). The Physician and Sportsmedicine. ISSN 0091-3847


Abstract

Objective: Recognizing the high stakes associated with winning and losing in the National Basketball Association (NBA), a deep understanding of the underlying mechanisms of NBA game-play performance would provide substantial benefit to all stakeholders involved with preparing NBA players and teams for competitive success. To the authors’ best of knowledge, this systematic review presents the first attempt to systematically amalgamate and appraise the scientific literature published in the XXI Century, following a constraints-led approach (CLA). In particular, two underpinning factors of NBA game-play performance were investigated: (1) NBA player constraints (internal variables) and (2) NBA contextual constraints (external variables).

Methods: Databases included PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science (WOS), ResearchGate, SPORTDiscus, SCOPUS, Google Scholar, and the World Association of Basketball Coaches’ database (WABC). This review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) model and the Population, Intervention, Comparison and Outcomes (PICOS) guidelines.

Results: Ultimately, 43 articles met the inclusion criteria (n=43). Promisingly, the vast majority of studies were published in recent years (>2016; n=28; 65.1%). Topics related to ‘contextual constraints’ (n=25; 58.1%) received more attention than topics related to ‘player constraints’ (n=18; 41.9%). Even though the importance of longitudinal-interventional approaches to applied sports science is well-documented, descriptive-observational research emerged as the most popular method of choice (n=27; 62.8%); interventional studies were absent; and near all researchers merely utilized secondary data sources (n=37; 86.0%).

Conclusions: Taking into account the total body of evidence (2001-2020), NBA practitioners may use this systematic review as a baseline reference to enrich their current knowledge about the nature, demands, and dynamics of the modern-day NBA ecosystem. Finally, adoption of an ‘Applied Science Research Framework’ is encouraged, fostering clearly outlined project incentives; standardizing taxonomies; sequencing follow-up studies; embracing holistic and cross-disciplinary viewpoints; and integrating longitudinal-interventional projects to increase the reproducibility of their findings.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published online: 15 April 2021. Permanent restricted access to ArticleFirst version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health and Wellbeing (1 Jan 2015 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health and Wellbeing (1 Jan 2015 -)
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2021 02:39
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2021 00:25
Uncontrolled Keywords: sport performance analysis; professional basketball; ecological validity; complex systems; constraints-led approach; dynamic correspondence
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110604 Sports Medicine
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420799 Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 20 HEALTH > 2005 Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health) > 200599 Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health) not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00913847.2021.1896957
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/41492

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