World Health Organization 2020 guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour

Bull, Fiona C. and Al-Ansari, Salih S. and Biddle, Stuart ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7663-6895 and Borodulin, Katja and Buman, Matthew P. and Cardon, Greet and Carty, Catherine and Chaput, Jean-Philippe and Chastin, Sebastien and Chou, Roger and Dempsey, Paddy C. and DiPietro, Loretta and Ekelund, Ulf and Firth, Joseph and Friedenreich, Christine M. and Garcia, Leandro and Gichu, Muthoni and Jago, Russell and Katzmarzyk, Peter T. and Lambert, Estelle and Leitzmann, Michael and Milton, Karen and Ortega, Francisco B. and Ranasinghe, Chathuranga and Stamatakis, Emmanuel and Tiedemann, Anne and Troiano, Richard P. and van der Ploeg, Hidde P. and Wari, Vicky and Willumsen, Juana F. (2020) World Health Organization 2020 guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 54 (24). pp. 1451-1462. ISSN 0306-3674

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Abstract

Objectives
To describe new WHO 2020 guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour.

Methods
The guidelines were developed in accordance with WHO protocols. An expert Guideline Development Group reviewed evidence to assess associations between physical activity and sedentary behaviour for an agreed set of health outcomes and population groups. The assessment used and systematically updated recent relevant systematic reviews; new primary reviews addressed additional health outcomes or subpopulations.

Results
The new guidelines address children, adolescents, adults, older adults and include new specific recommendations for pregnant and postpartum women and people living with chronic conditions or disability. All adults should undertake 150–300 min of moderate-intensity, or 75–150 min of vigorous-intensity physical activity, or some equivalent combination of moderate-intensity and vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity, per week. Among children and adolescents, an average of 60 min/day of moderate-to-vigorous intensity aerobic physical activity across the week provides health benefits. The guidelines recommend regular muscle-strengthening activity for all age groups. Additionally, reducing sedentary behaviours is recommended across all age groups and abilities, although evidence was insufficient to quantify a sedentary behaviour threshold.

Conclusion
These 2020 WHO guidelines update previous WHO recommendations released in 2010. They reaffirm messages that some physical activity is better than none, that more physical activity is better for optimal health outcomes and provide a new recommendation on reducing sedentary behaviours. These guidelines highlight the importance of regularly undertaking both aerobic and muscle strengthening activities and for the first time, there are specific recommendations for specific populations including for pregnant and postpartum women and people living with chronic conditions or disability. These guidelines should be used to inform national health policies aligned with the WHO Global Action Plan on Physical Activity 2018–2030 and to strengthen surveillance systems that track progress towards national and global targets.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2021 06:55
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2021 05:54
Uncontrolled Keywords: health promotion; non-communicable disease; physical activity; prevention; public health
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420799 Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420699 Public health not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102955
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/41230

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