Understanding socio‐cultural influences on food intake in relation to overweight and obesity in a rural indigenous community of Fiji Islands

Singh, Kamal Nand ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4698-0361 and Sendall, Marguerite C. and Gurung, Apil and Carne, Phil (2020) Understanding socio‐cultural influences on food intake in relation to overweight and obesity in a rural indigenous community of Fiji Islands. Health Promotion Journal of Australia. ISSN 1036-1073

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Abstract

Issue addressed: Obesity and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are largely preventable by understanding the connection between socio-cultural knowledge, yet intervention effectiveness may be hindered changes in lifestyles and behaviours in Indigenous health. This study performed to understand the social and cultural components, which contribute to obesity in rural areas of the Indigenous Fijian.

Methods: This study is a Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR) project, which engaged community members from a rural iTaukei village in the Fiji Islands. Data collection was carried out through community consultation, and semi-structured interviews. The data was analysed using descriptive thematic analysis.

Results: Food intake was associated with socio-cultural, economic, political and physical environmental factors. Participants reveal previous health promotion programs did not incorporate the cultural values, cultural competence beliefs and traditional ways of rural Indigenous Fijian community.

Conclusion: The healthcare providers and policymakers need to be involved in recognising iTaukei community culture and appreciate traditional methods to promote equitable community participation in decision-making for health promotion.

So what? Community-wide lifestyle interventions, conceptual approaches based on communal perceptions of the problem at hand can also be the basis for future research on identifying socio-cultural factors, for example, the community and family support that can help shape behaviours.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published online: 6 august 2020. Submitted version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Nursing and Midwifery (1 Jan 2015 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Nursing and Midwifery (1 Jan 2015 -)
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2021 02:07
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 03:43
Uncontrolled Keywords: community-based participatory research, cultural competence, culture, food intake, health promotion, Indigenous, overweight and obesity
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111712 Health Promotion
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111715 Pacific Peoples Health
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1110 Nursing > 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420603 Health promotion
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420606 Social determinants of health
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4205 Nursing > 420599 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health
C Society > 92 Health > 9203 Indigenous Health > 920307 Pacific Peoples Health - Determinants of Health
C Society > 92 Health > 9203 Indigenous Health > 920308 Pacific Peoples Health - Health Status and Outcomes
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 21 INDIGENOUS > 2109 Pacific Peoples community services > 210902 Pacific Peoples development and wellbeing
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/hpja.397
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/41225

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