Core–Shell Bioderived Flame Retardants Based on Chitosan/Alginate Coated Ammonia Polyphosphate for Enhancing Flame Retardancy of Polylactic Acid

Zhang, Yan and Xiong, Zhengquan and Ge, Haodong and Ni, Leikun and Zhang, Tao and Huo, Siqi and Song, Pingan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1082-652X and Fang, Zhengping (2020) Core–Shell Bioderived Flame Retardants Based on Chitosan/Alginate Coated Ammonia Polyphosphate for Enhancing Flame Retardancy of Polylactic Acid. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 8 (16). pp. 6402-6412. ISSN 2168-0485


Abstract

Bioderived flame retardants represent one class of the most promising sustainable additives for creating flame retardant polylactic acid (PLA) because of their marginal impact on the biodegradability of PLA. Ammonium polyphosphate (APP) has demonstrated high flame-retardant effectiveness in PLA but its flame-retardant efficiency remains unsatisfactory even if after modifications. Herein, we report the facile fabrication of core–shell bioderived flame retardants by using APP as the core, and the chitosan (CS)/alginate (AA) bilayer as the shell through self-assembly in aqueous solution. The resultant core–shell flame retardant, APP@CS@AA-nBL (where 'BL' is a CS&AA bilayer and 'n' denotes 1–3 BL), can endow PLA with improved flame retardancy without negatively affecting the thermal properties. The PLA containing 10 wt % APP@CS@AA-3BL shows the highest LOI value (30.6%) and achieves a UL94 V-0 rating in the vertical burning test. Meanwhile, the cone calorimetry results demonstrate that the peak of the heat release rate and total heat release are respectively decreased by 23% and 11% relative to the PLA bulk. Such enhanced flame retardancy is mainly due to the excellent char-forming capability of APP@CS@AA. Moreover, the inclusion of 10 wt % APP@CS@AA-3BL gives rise to ∼23% increase in the impact strength of PLA possibly because of their interfacial hydrogen-bonding interactions. This work provides a facile and green strategy for preparing highly effective bioderived flame retardants for PLA and thus is expected to expand the practical applications in industry.


Statistics for USQ ePrint 40977
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2021 01:32
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2021 05:48
Uncontrolled Keywords: Polylactic acid; Biobased flame retardant; Core−shell; Chitosan; Alginate
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091209 Polymers and Plastics
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091205 Functional Materials
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401605 Functional materials
40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401609 Polymers and plastics
40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401602 Composite and hybrid materials
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280110 Expanding knowledge in engineering
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.0c00634
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/40977

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only