A liquid phosphorus-containing imidazole derivative as flame-retardant curing agent for epoxy resin with enhanced thermal latency, mechanical, and flame-retardant performances

Huo, Siqi and Yang, Shuang and Wang, Jun and Cheng, Jianwen and Zhang, Qianqian and Hu, Yefa and Ding, Guoping and Zhang, Qiaoxin and Song, Pingan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1082-652X (2020) A liquid phosphorus-containing imidazole derivative as flame-retardant curing agent for epoxy resin with enhanced thermal latency, mechanical, and flame-retardant performances. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 386:121984. pp. 1-10. ISSN 0304-3894


Abstract

The development of phosphorus-containing flame retardants combining good compatibility with matrix, low curing temperature, and mechanically reinforcing effect has remained a major challenge. Herein, we reported the synthesis of a liquid flame-retardant curing agent (DA) via the nucleophilic substitution between diphenylphosphinic chloride and 1-(3-aminopropyl)-imidazole (AI). DA exhibited good blending and latency towards epoxy resin (EP) at room temperature. According to DSC studies, DA could rapidly cure EP at moderate temperature. Compared with EP/AI sample, EP/DA samples displayed comparable or higher glass transition temperature (Tg) and enhanced mechanical properties due to the introduction of rigid diphenylphosphinyl group and improved cross-linking density. Moreover, DA improved the flame-retardant performances of EP thermoset. For instance, the LOI and UL94 rating of EP/DA-16 sample achieved 37.2 % and V-0, respectively. In addition, the peak of heat release rate (PHRR), average of heat release rate (AHRR), fire growth rate (FIGRA), and total heat release (THR) for EP/DA-16 sample reduced by 32 %, 42 %, 28 % and 27 % in comparison to EP/AI sample, respectively. DA was characterized by its good compatibility with EP, moderate curing temperature, fast curing rate, suitable thermal latency, mechanical reinforcing and flame-retardant effects, and thus it had a broad application prospect in various industrial fields.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2021 01:05
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2021 23:10
Uncontrolled Keywords: Epoxy resin; Liquid phosphorus-containing imidazole; Thermal latency; Flame retardancy; Mechanical properties
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091205 Functional Materials
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401605 Functional materials
40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401609 Polymers and plastics
40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401602 Composite and hybrid materials
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280105 Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences
28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280110 Expanding knowledge in engineering
Funding Details:
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121984
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/40958

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