Working memory and short-term memory storage: what does backward recall tell us?

Tehan, Gerald and Mills, Kaye (2007) Working memory and short-term memory storage: what does backward recall tell us? In: The cognitive neuroscience of working memory. Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom. ISBN 978-0-19-857039-4


The research is motivated by two concerns: Is backward recall in any fundamental sense different to forward recall, and is it possible to distinguish between simple, complex and delayed recall tasks apart from absolute levels of recall. To this end participants studied lists of words for backward serial recall in which word length (Experiment 1) and phonological similarity (Experiment 2) were manipulated. The results indicated that phonological similarity effects were present in backward recall in simple, complex and delayed tasks. In contrast, word length effect had no influence in any of the three tasks. This finding suggests that models of forward recall may not be applicable to backward recall.

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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to paper due to publisher copyright restrictions.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2008 04:12
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2016 01:17
Uncontrolled Keywords: backward recall, phonological similarity, word length, complex span, simple span, delayed recall, working memory, short-term memory
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170103 Educational Psychology

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